tv Made in Germany Deutsche Welle March 15, 2019 4:30am-5:00am CET
groups. with bad news and definition. pretty in chat with musicians from around the world. groups every week doubling. it seems the only thing that counts these days is performance there's constant pressure on the job and sports even in the family do your job and do it well but every really determined by that upper fullness achievement results really what counts and how do we measure achievement how important is it is it really all about
the money you earn the hours you work that's what we're looking at today here at mate some countries are notorious for the emphasis they put on results and the pressure starts early south korea's education system for example is so strict that children there often have precious little time for play time for hobbies or their friends the pressure is so intense that more and more children there fall into a deep depression before they can even spell the word with grim consequences. the salt water rescue team is out on patrol every night. they're on the lookout for teenagers trying to kill themselves. because.
this is a training exercise but all too often their work is deadly serious. last year we went out on approximately fifteen hundred rescue missions. six hundred thirty of them were life saving missions. compared to other countries south korea has one of the highest suicide rates in the world. if you underperform in school or show that you're struggling the other kids look at you like you're an insect. or so i work really hard because i'd hate people to look down on me as if i were an insect. that drives me to study how.
it's late but lots of school children are still out on the streets of seoul. you know kim is thirteen she spends seven hours at school and then several more at a crammer a private evening school. there are lots of them throughout south korea and they cost hundreds of dollars a month. many parents go into debt to send their children to these institutions but if they didn't their kids might fall behind. well the troll soon move on to high school and then to university and the amount of study will increase accordingly. i'm not so good at english at the moment so i need
to put in at least fourteen hours a day. you are busy and then have him go. south korea is famous for its educational system it consistently tops international rankings but the price kids pay is enormous. the pressure to perform as massive and underline tech hanging out with friends or other leisure pursuits are for the ambitious out of the question. cereal then once to make school a more gripping and pleasurable experience with the help of virtual reality. when i was on the market certainly to other stuff exactly though we are acknowledging they always. face seems very boring. the class and the confidence so it's very hard for them to focus on the fact that.
she's developed an op that takes students on a virtual trip abroad and lets them communicate with people all over the world in english through the d.r. headset then corrects their use of the language her start up works with one hundred schools seven thousand children so far have used the app she herself had problems as a school student that's one reason she wants to improve english language teaching. my cory's to decrease their will to education to get between there we can the poor it because all if i gave great. content education the content and inexperience. to test you then to at low cost him even though it is very high tech. technology is changing the way students learn around the world it's also changing
what they learned. experts estimate that by twenty twenty five more than half of all workplace tasks will be performed by machines. computers already perform better faster and more reliably than humans in many respects the question is how to prepare the young for the challenges of the future work will probably look very different. you know doesn't know yet what she wants to do in the future but what she does know is what she has to do right now. regardless of what might happen in the future the only way forward in korea is to study studying opens all the doors that's what my dad always says study.
if you work hard it will pay off but is that really true in many countries income inequality is growing while movie stars and top executives are paid millions backbreaking work is very often poorly paid we accept that to a degree but should we have how has it come to that. money income is the measure of our achievement our success our work our worth. work hard and you'll be rewarded. at least that's what they say working hard is a virtue and we're encouraged to give it our all around the clock if need be. but is that true is work is modern life a meritocracy after all celebrities earn vast amounts by trading on their image actor george clooney for instance two hundred thirty nine million dollars
a year and reality show star kylie jenner and one hundred sixty six million but what exactly is their achievement. want to they contribute in social or economic terms. and what about captains of industry is their work truly worth the huge sums they receive bill mcdermott took him twenty one million euros in twenty seventeen he's the c.e.o. of software company s.a.p and a top earner among heads of germany's blue chip companies. so does that mean that mcdermott put in a thousand times more work than a factory laborer. does he help of thousands more people than a nurse. who says we're paid what we're worth. but for many today the idea of meritocracy seems a myth believe between our performance our effort and our award seems hazy at best ordinary working people can't compete. those who reap the greatest rewards
are often those who need it the least. rewards often seem entirely arbitrary say when someone grows rich due to a shift in the market or a passing internet craze. when hard work doesn't pay when work no longer seems worth it disillusionment or even cynicism can set in and that chips away at the fabric of our society. well we all know that feeling august the hardest work and in some cases the work that is most supreme important for the functioning of a society is poorly paid many people after hold down several of those jobs just to get by still the money they are not only keeps them just above the breadline even in rich countries like germany but what bothers many of the poorly paid is not just
the money it's the lack of appreciation and respect. we live in aneta has an average of eight minutes for each home visit to one of her elderly patients including the time it takes to write it up the people she cares for are frail and often sick the pressure is on relenting. unsure fenske teaches german she also gives classes in belly dancing and physical exercise in order to make ends meet. caregivers for the elderly bear lot of responsibility. this patient needs an
insulin shot every day without fail. germany has a shortage of mobile caregivers and with an aging population demand is rising but the pay is about three quarters of the average worker's pay in germany. and it makes me angry sometimes. other professions with unions can go on strike and they get what they insist on but we're not on their radar it makes me mad. we do so much for society but nobody seems to notice. china's it's been an actor has worked multiple jobs at the same time for twenty years now and she's always on the lookout for new opportunities while her income has not gone up for ages the rich just keep getting richer. as a distance all the income and wealth gaps are totally unfair but i don't obsess about it i'm used to not having much to live on. it's not the end of the world when money is tight i just do without
a vacation. and college admission well. i miss him. being an actor says she sometimes works fourteen days straight because nobody else is available caregivers often also work nights out on the weekend. like today isn't too stressful but she also looks after people who are desperately ill and close to death. despite the physical and mental exertion her and her colleagues efforts go largely unheeded by society. after her day job i'm sure penske turns to her real labor of love as a belly dancing instructor ideally should do this full time. but despite doing several jobs she's left with precious little at the end of the month to save for later life. what kind of pension can she expect. i don't worry
about that i'm someone who lives in the here and now. martina netter lives alone and just about gets by. she'd love to find a cheaper apartment but they're hard to come by in berlin rents have been soaring here in recent years. with my earnings i can't even afford a normal apartment. either you have to pay a fortune or you can't find a flat in your price category. it's very unfair society should value care related professions more highly. and support people who are willing to help others. that really has to change. bunch of friends is off to her next job for her as for not being a net evenings and weekends already times for rest and recreation. she's used to
our job and just getting by but a regular full time job with some security would be most welcome. in germany that problem is much bigger than you might think the country has a sizable and growing low wage sector let's have a look at the numbers. in germany people with gross earnings of under eight hundred euros a month are classified as low wage workers because their income is difficult if not impossible to get by on. around twenty two percent of the workforce in germany fall into that category. in france it's just nine percent. e.u. wide seventeen percent of the workforce are classed as low wage french workers are generally paid according to agreements negotiated between unions and employers so wages are relatively high in germany there are more sectors with little or no union
representation and those workers are paid poorly what's more german unions tend to demand modest raises from employers real wages rarely rise by more than two percent a year and while the average total pay increase over the last decade was eleven percent senior management saw their incomes rise by nineteen percent. low skilled workers by just eight percent the income divided in germany continues to grow. well that's a relatively new idea floating around that redefines how we look at labor it's called universal basic income and could well put capitalist doctrine on its head the idea is simple everyone gets a certain amount of money from the states to ensure a basic standard of living even without work sounds crazy to many who's going to pay for it the people who have a job on all supposed to finance the lazy ones there are many open questions but maybe it's time we had a closer look. yes stormed off work part time at
a youth club he's also receiving a no strings basic income of one thousand euros a month for one year. the basic income has changed my life in the sense that it's given me security. i no longer have to worry about making my rent at the beginning of each month. when i think about how it was before with four jobs to cover my rent and living expenses and i think about how much sleep i lost and what it did to my health i really think it would have helped a lot to have this basic income. why do i still go to work because i otherwise wouldn't know what to do with all the free time that. i'm a social worker at a club for young people and just because you have the security of knowing you'll be able to pay the rent doesn't mean you have to laze around the house all day long. you want to do something and be productive i've always enjoyed working and i continue to enjoy it. well that all sounds well and good but is it
economically feasible well economically performance shrink are we all going to be poorer maybe happier will such a system be abused by the clever ones as much to discuss let's hear a few of the arguments. campaigns for universal basic income. is an economist and works for a major german trade union the ball my is organization crowd funds or raffle to provide an unconditional basic income to the winners it's an experiment. is totally opposed to the idea. my neediest and my idea is a basic income for everybody breaking the link between income and work each member of society whether a homeless person or a millionaire would get a thousand euros a month no strings attached. the pressure in society has rise. the
stress level is rising one in three is at risk of burnout we've seen that an unconditional basic income creates a deep sense of ease in people and. that's regards individual cases i can certainly understand the appeal if you can give twenty or thirty thousand people such an income they can avoid having to do precarious casual labor. but what happens if everyone gets it companies would turn to wage dumping because a certain basic income has guaranteed. problems with financing the welfare state pensions health or nursing care. they're all linked to contributions from the income our alternative would be the right to a good job more good jobs are picture of the way to fight for that is to join a trade union and get involved. a basic income would indeed be a fundamental change to society loosening the link between work and pay at least
when it comes to the first thousand euros we should be talking about work digitalisation is looming and it's actually upon us and society has to gear up to face or to get the link between work and income is very problematic. to work and income a link because we live in a capitalist system and it will continue to be the case that goods and services are produced in order to be sold i am also of the opinion that paid work is important to people sense of identity at least for the majority of the population it has to do with having a place in society. an unconditional basic income doesn't mean that people simply work less that's what trials underway in finland kenya and canada appear to show. more of planned in switzerland the united states and the netherlands but not many politicians are convinced and then there's the question of how it might be financed there are various models most involved in the endings of the popular. large.
amount of hits if we finance it via taxation the rates will be astronomically high . in terms of tax on income it would be seventy percent currently the average is about thirty percent i can't imagine there will ever be a majority in favor either in parliament or in society. the courts and it could be seventy percent depending on the financing model of a kind i don't have one of my own as it's so complex there are lots of models that consumption tax income tax environmental tax or a tax on financial transactions i'm not saying it's a perfect solution i don't want to do away with unions or the welfare state all i'm saying is that we should try it out because it has a lot of potential. well there's one group of people can tell you about pressure to perform it's top
athletes they are under considerable pressure to succeed from a very early age very often they pay a high price for fame and success and only those who can deal with that constant pressure of a chance of getting funding speed skater and olympic participants benta through tells us her story there is no. top athletes have a grueling training regimen one that begins in their teens if not earlier has been bandits nine ventre flu twenty nine from berlin i've been a speed skater since i was ten. trains four or five times a week. she competed in the twenty fourteen olympic games and came eleventh in the three thousand and five thousand meter events. yourself neuer was modest but you have to prove yourself year in year out starting when you're really young and. you fight to get into the national squad and also to get financial assistance
you learn the business over the years but the older you get and the higher the pressure gets the harder it gets. and making by week's end of what happened. dealing with the pressure is part of the job if you're too slow you're out of the squad and you lose your funding flu car tiny couldn't go to the winter olympics in south korea. she's a member of the german armed forces and her special status there was in jeopardy while she was out of action francisca vinho is a sports psychologist. if you lose your spot in the national squad you can't be what's called a sports soldier any longer. and that's a problem because you have to keep training it's not so easy you can stay in the army but getting time off to train is much more difficult. for me as wind from. benton fluke has recovered from the injury of the twenty eight hundred german
championships he took third place in the five thousand meters how hard was it to get back into top form down which means i created a very good environment for myself rehab help with mental training family exercise equipment at home everyone stood by me and said we'll make it. competitive athletes aim to interpret the pressure not as a problem but as something they can use to their advantage sports psychologists help them work on how to achieve that. feeling pressure is beneficial it's a vital resource. so when a sports woman tells me she's always so worked up before a competition that she feels like vomiting i always say congratulations. without that tension you won't become an olympic champion. luke is aiming for the winter olympics in beijing in twenty twenty two. she went before to two years old
so which would probably be her last chance to win an olympic medal. was felt like saying you have to be crazy to be a top level athlete there aren't very many calm laidback individuals who make it you have to be a bit crazy and to nations. some might argue that the pressure in speed skating is far more manageable than in say football where it's super intense. it's good professional sport is different from amateur competitive sport. the pros are focused on advancing their careers and they want to make money doing sport. they don't think about any kind of alternative or working on a future career. but venter fluke is thinking ahead. she's training to become
a primary school teacher. lessons sport competitive sports are a wonderful thing but you pay a high price you make a lot of sacrifices and i can imagine it being very nice not to be out on the ice on christmas for example. for sports people to benefit from that intense sense of pressure they have to know how to channel it better prove appears to have learned how to do that very well. maybe it's time for all of us to have a look at the pressure we're on that we take for granted and rethink how we deal with that if you've got something to share check out our facebook page and you can always get in touch with me directly on twitter and that's it for today on mate i hope you enjoyed the show by saddam.
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