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tv   The Day  Deutsche Welle  November 4, 2019 9:30pm-10:01pm CET

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colored in the cold why not learn with him online on the immobile and free to soft c w e learning course nikos fic. years after the fall of the berlin wall nov 9th to w. on this day exactly 30 years ago in the heart of east berlin about 3 kilometers from where i'm standing the world witnessed the 1st irreparable and visible fissures in the berlin wall the largest demonstration in the history of east germany the people demanding freedom 5 days later the berlin wall would fall tonight the week in
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1989 that would alter germany europe the west and the world forever i'm brit gulf and berlin this is the day. that i experienced the wall as a child gets. to me didn't really understand what the world was just the thought of them all of the most i thought it was where the world ended the rise of. my company you could look left and right but you couldn't see anything ahead and it went on forever in both directions. i was betting young i was 20 found. myself in the finest. also coming up election day in the united states is now one year away and we dare
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to predict will the current us president also be the future us president. i wouldn't vote for a i don't like him i think i think if he keep his mouth shut and they offer twitter he would be fine i think it's with all the impeachment stuff it's going to be very noisy and interesting for the next year but if i was betting today i would bet he'll get elected again. but to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and all around the world welcome we begin the day remembering the week when they tore down that wall at the start of november 989 berlin was still ground 0 of the cold war from the outside there were no glaring signs of an impending thaw but on the inside east berlin was as close to a meltdown as it had ever been on november 4th in the center of east berlin on alexander plots tens of thousands of east germans gather demanding
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a constitution demanding the right to free speech demanding to be heard the events of the 1st week of november 30 years ago with catch much of the world off guard none more so than the border guards along the berlin wall. it was a night that changed the world's 30 years ago history was turned on its head the bill in bold began to full. of all it had stood for nearly 3 decades slicing through bilin it was a deadly symbol of the cold war between east and west and europe between the us and the savior the union. demonstrations in east germany had put pressure on an already unstable regime the communist government then decided to east travel restrictions to the west district of myrna just to stand still for
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a communist official culture of guns mistakenly told reporters that the new regulation. were effective immediately within hours joyful chaos broke out at east berlin border crossings it was the beginning of a new era. when much has changed here in berlin since the wall fell the physical reminders of a city that was once divided or hard to find most have been a race to it 1st it was a horizon full of construction cranes which has been replaced by the shine of kilt was new building now when i was a young reporter here in berlin covering the 10th anniversary of the fall of the berlin wall germans from east and west spoke often about the wall that remained in their minds feeling united as a country but still divided as a people the east still not equal to the west and for some it is a it is a wall that remains as present today as it was in 1800.
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the center of dylan skyscrapers and tourists go to streets but this was the death strip until 1909 as oh no belinda was allowed to enter can't danica grew up in east berlin the will stood right next to his home this is where he started taking photos . when i was rented operative i took my zoom lens and photographed it from far away a few of them it is nice because it was strictly forbidden to take pictures of the border area and that's going to be somewhat of a feeling. his pictures show billions of radical transformation this wasteland has become germany's government quota the city may change but some things stay the same people need to love and to eat.
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i used to love to come here with my camera because there was lots of life here lots of images to be captured and one thing that hasn't changed is qana because it's still here today. famous for its color you boast cannot get has been selling sausages for 90 his now and still serves the same and you the kleins today and different though. we have this used to be a working class neighborhood there were a factory is everywhere everyone jumped in here after their shift or on their way to work. on book 8 for most eastern lynas this was the end of the world today the city has been reunited but forget donegal somethin still remains. i mean business or death if i still have the wall in my head. and when i travel across it on public transportation in my mind i'm traveling from east to west or
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from west to east that's just stayed in my head than a. professional and that's why i'm envious of the young people who do not have this inside them. for those who born after the war what were manes is just part of history. or much of that history was made on berlin's world famous alexanderplatz and that is where my colleague w.'s chief political correspondent linda crane is this monday evening good evening to you that fateful week of change started right there where you ward talk to me tell our viewers about what happened there 30 years ago today. well a group of prominent actors theater directors artists members of church groups academics students some of them very very prominent well known others less so had wanted for
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some time to hold a protest and they actually did something very unusual in these german history they went to the authorities and asked for a permit and they got one absolutely unique for that for that regime at that time and nonetheless when they assembled here on that day november 4th 1989 they could not know how many people would show up and they also could not know how the authorities would react there had impact been violent police intervention at protests and i've seen elsewhere a month before and so many questions were open as they gathered here in fact between 500008 1000000 people showed up here on november 4th 1909 that was the largest demonstration that ever occurred in east german history and as they as the organizers took to the stage to voice their demands for democratic freedoms for
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tolerance for transparency for justice there was no violent retribution in fact there were members high ranking members of the communist party present they heard those demands but they did not intervene and one member of the politburo himself took to the stage going to schabowski who became famous later on as the wall was falling and one of the organizers of the protest said as she saw his hands trembling at that moment i knew the days of the regime were numbered and one reason that they were numbered is that that demonstration on that day was in fact shown on east german television so millions of people throughout east germany saw it saw demands being voiced saw that there was no retribution by the police and that in fact that act. that it was broadcast was not authorized by the authorities so again another sign that the regime was indeed crumbling and melinda the people who organized the mass demonstrations they wanted change but not necessarily the end of
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these german how do those loud voices of dissent from 1909 feel about what has happened in the last 30 years. well i think the simplest answer is to say it's complicated if you look at surveys and if you do a sort of anecdotal sampling of opinion here i have alexanderplatz plus a day you hear many people say they're very much aware that they have gained freedoms they never could have had before and surveys showed that 72 percent of east germans say that in fact they are better off today nonetheless there is a very significant group who would differ with the opinion of germany's official
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representative for the east when he says that every single person in east germany can now count themselves lucky because a unit reunification has been at a success for them many people feel that the deep and ongoing structural change that followed the fall of the wall totally transformed their lives that they lost essential aspects of their identity and this is especially true of older east germans who perhaps remained in rural areas where many younger people left and went to the cities in the west i think for them in particular there's a sense that much was lost as well as gained. in melinda 30 years ago when all this was happening and i remember i was a high school senior member watching these events wives on television every night you were here in germany already at the time right what personal memories do you
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have of that fateful week. you know it's funny because i had just had my 1st child and he was born as the head of the east german regime was stepping down it was a very momentous occasion and just a few weeks after his birth the wall fell and i remember thinking this is amazing he's being born into a totally new world a peaceful world the cold war is over 2 years later there was fighting in the heart of the balkans and it wasn't a peaceful world at all and it became clear at that time that history is complex and that for every step forward there's at least a partial step back and i think that's very much what this week is about as well this commemoration that is going on of the peaceful revolution is entitled 7 days 7
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places in recognition of the fact that the peaceful revolution wasn't one event the fall of the wall on one particular day but it surely that transpired over months if not years and that took in many different parts of east germany and if i look back today i would say that journey is still going on history is still playing out the divisions between east and west haven't been overcome but much has changed and many people here i think would say that it has made their lives better but the journey goes on and i think that's a very very important lesson for all of us history isn't linear and it takes as i say an enormous amount of time to play out that's very true and melinda crane of the plugs in the heart of berlin linda thank you. lou only we will make america strong again we will make america a proud again. we will make america safe again.
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and we will may america. great again thank you mississippi. that was u.s. president trump on the campaign trail last week yes he is in full rita lection campaign mode yes election day is now only a year away and yes predicting election results is risky as we learned in 2016 so tonight we're going to try to stick with the numbers at least for now an average of all the opinion polls puts trump's approval rating just above 41 percent maybe more important for him almost 55 percent of americans disapprove of the job that he's doing a key question is who will trump face in 2020 most polls predict that if it's former vice president joe biden the chance of trump losing is greatest but many polls suggest the more progressive democratic candidate elizabeth warren could also have
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a slight edge over trump she is certainly rising in the polls now opinion polls are one way of assessing which way the election could go another is to look at bellwether regions richland county in wisconsin now it has proven to be a reliable indicator since $1800.00 the county has always voted for the winning presidential candidate so d. w. l. overselling t. traveled to richland county to gauge the mood this time around feeding time for dairy farmer marks dalton his calves like most people in richmond county stultz voted for president trump in 2016 but twice for barack obama in the elections before this time he says the political mood is anything but clear. we tend to we tend to like more than most people saw i don't i we don't talk a whole lot about it but it can get very testy very quickly even within our family
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i'm going to give give give give give give give give give give give give give give give give give give give me even though you voted for trump in the last election marks told skiers of old key democratic issues like health care and climate change he also wants an end to the president's trade for more farmers like him and particularly hard he says so that that's hurt we don't have a good place to ship melican way products and cheese and you know it's all right on the markets got a lot of milk and cheese on it and americans are drinking less milk wisconsin lost over $600.00 dairy farms in the last year. richland center with its 5000 citizens is the largest town in richland county a bellwether for the presidential election since 1980 the majority here has always voted for the winning candidate. richland county is traditionally a republican county. do we always vote that way you know i
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wouldn't vote for a i don't like him i doesn't think he i think if he keep his mouth shut they offer twitter he would be fine i think it's with all the impeachment so if it's going to be very noisy and interesting for the next year but if i was betting today i would bet he'll get elected again. at the local newspaper editor dawn key 1st says left and right wing supporters in the county are fighting for the public's attention she is often criticized for printing opinion letters that are too critical of president trump i suggest to those persons they ought to write letters they're their own selves expressing their beliefs but most of those people decline and they don't explain why not i suspect they don't want their name in the paper. dairy farmer marks told says the decisive factor for him will be who the democratic contender is if they candidate is too progressive he might stick with donald trump
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even if that means more suffering for him and the farmers of richmond county. from the aspen institute germany joins me now here at the big table all right tyson the u.s. election is a year away you know just as well as i do that that a year is more than an eternity in politics right right i mean polls are just a snapshot and really there's nothing really to rely on here what's interesting is to see trajectory to see where things are moving because you can start to get a feel of where things are going to start to land one of the important dates coming up in obviously we have the iowa caucus obviously we have the new hampshire primary and of course the entire beach that process which is just about to get blown out in the open with public hearings starting i think this week is right i'm going to ask you about that just a 2nd i want to stick there with the campaigning right now did 4 years ago today no one was predicting donald trump would even be the republican nominee right so
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that tells you right there helps much things can change now he's on voters' minds a lot i want you to take a listen to what candidates in the state of virginia are hearing when they can listen when they campaign door to do what we've got just a little clip here to show a. door to door talking with everybody saying if i can earn your vote. yes or. that they're ok yes thank you. we get an occasional ask that a door i don't think is a big a big issue i think people either support him or don't i mean is is he going to be in your opinion is he going to make or break it for everyone else who's running for office i mean not looking at the presidential race but running for congress you know right to. but there are 3 elections taking place one in virginia as we just heard just deciding the house of delegates in 2 governors' races one in mississippi
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and one in kentucky in mississippi in kentucky where the president is that stream a popular the candidates who are both pretty unpopular candidates are trying to nationalize the elections they're trying to tie themselves to trump very very heavily whereas the democratic candidates are trying to say we're running on local issues don't you want to have you know your schools work don't want your potholes built that's what they're trying to run on the republicans are running the other way they're trying to nationalize it in virginia it's almost exactly the opposite you know they're trying to tie the the republicans to to trump and i think that that's going to be successful in virginia so we're getting a lot of mixed messages in states that we can't even see for sure if trump is going to be a candidate next year can't we because of what you mentioned earlier impeachment and looking. with the conviction removal of all this possibly impeachment no conviction right or not even an impeachment adult or resignation there are a lot of different options what we can say is he's declared his intention to run and removal from office takes 67 senators currently obviously the republicans have
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control of the senate 52 to 48 that's an extremely high bar to get over the indictment in the house and the trial in the senate would have to be so dramatic that you would pull over almost 15 republican senators in order to remove them from office. at the end of the day the impeachment process the constitution lays out what has to be done right but still at the end of the day is it going to harm the democrats. then it's going to harm it could have a number of facts i think the big question is really timing is this going to be a long drawn out process where is this going to be a short process and of course what is going to be the outcome but if we take this if this is over by march let's say this could not even be an issue in the election next year it could be very similar to some of the government shutdowns that we've experienced in the past from people say oh this is really tainted the republican party which is usually been blamed for. government shutdowns and then when it comes to election day it's not even an issue anymore what's interesting to note is you have 6 candidates 6 sitting senators who are all running for the democratic
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nomination so not only are they sitting in the jury of the president but they're also running to replace him so there are questions of conflict of interest there and then there's also question of scheduling are they going to need to be in the senate sitting in that jury box or are they going to be out campaigning they could be in iowa for example right and exactly actually the 1st test for the democrats is going to be an eye when you have to as you said joe biden appears to be fading somewhat in the numbers you've elizabeth warren who is still rising along with mayor pete boot egypt right take a listen to what those 2 have been saying. i'm not running some consultant driven hand pain with some very good ideas that are designed not to offend anyone i running a campaign based on a lifetime of fighting for working families so many voters have said even if they
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do have a preferred candidate they're still keeping their options open and. there's really clear space for what i'm offering is a way forward that is bold enough to get the job done and can unify americans that's what we're hearing more and more commentators are saying that it's going to come down to those 2 is going to be worn and boots for the democratic nomination what do you think these narratives change every every month essentially you know this is who is ascendant right now that could change next month what it does demonstrate is support for all of these candidates is relatively soft some of these candidates like bernie sanders do have a hard core of support some candidates like joe biden are relying heavily on african-american support you know when he points at national polls or he points at south carolina he's pointing to african-americans who are still sticking by him because of his role in the obama administration so this can change it's really soft
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support for all candidates and we said it's a risky business predicting elections and politics in general tyson barker with the aspen institute germany and thank you as always thank you. or want to take it in the n.l. you better take your mask with you pollution in delhi today reached the worst levels so far this year officials have declared a public health emergency shutting schools restricting when cars can use the roads pollution levels are so high in the indian capital that they are literally off the charts. such not fall cups during delis why the news but a toxic soup of engine exhaust and dust trail emissions and smoke from nearby farmland even the sun struggled to par in through the merc traffic was lighter than usual on monday as the old even system took effect motor vehicles with number plates ending with odd numbers were banned from the roads on tuesday it's all be
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vehicles with even numbers that stay part but some residents say it's not enough i think the gunmen state government the federal government need to do much more to stop the minute. it began. it's a complete nonsense i. think. i've done a good thing i'm. not blaming it please let's breathe was the chant at the demonstration over the weekend delegates fed up with living in the most polluted capital in the world and they say it's not getting any better. authorities have declared a public health imagine c. and delhi but with india home to 15 of the top 20 most polluted places in the world this is a national not local crisis. well the day is almost gone but the conversation it
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continues online you'll find us on twitter either at the w. news you can follow me add golf t.v. don't forget to use our hash tag the day every member whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day the sea of them everybody.
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more and more young people are striking to save the planet and we're the people who would like to keep living on this planet and if we don't save the planet now it'll be too late as it's made how does a 16 year old organize a europe wide climate congress how does that leave time for school in france. we
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accompanied 3 young climate activists. in 90 minutes on d w. luxury and the mirror humans are exploited and animals closely slaughtered big brands have committed to fair working conditions and sustainable production but who is monitoring the subcontractors and investigative documentary goes to cali and china the most behind the glamorous facades of fashion houses luxury behind the murray starts november 5th on d w. after
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the fall of the berlin wall nov 9th double. birth. home to millions of species a home worth saving. and those are big changes and most start with small steps global ideas tell stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world like to use the term climate to green energy solutions and reforestation . interactive content teaching the next generation about environmental protection
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and. determined to build something for the next. series on. this is. the week when they tore down that wall. and started marking 30 years since the fall of the berlin wall and the beginning of german reunification will give the details from our correspondent he said alexander plus also coming up tonight a human rights watchdog accusing u.s.
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backed special forces in afghanistan of committing war crimes and atrocities during their operations it's calling for the units to be disbanded.

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