Economics is a social science that is concerned with the means by which scarce resources are used to satisfy competing ends. Economics, therefore, is concerned both with the allocative decisions made by individuals, households, businesses, and other economic agents and with the broader question of how society as a whole allocates resources. Economists frequently assume that consumers attempt to maximize satisfaction and businessmen or entrepreneurs attempt to maximize profits. So defined, the goals of economic agents provide the economist with a frame of reference that permits systematic analysis of individual economic behavior The behavior of one agent vis a vis another is Iikely to be, in some sense, competitive. But in a broader view, it is the mutual cooperation of agents with conflicting goals that is ultimately responsible for the production of economic goods and services. This is C. A. Ferguson and Goulds' Microeconomic Theory, 4th edition, 1975, without the appendix by Fritz Machlup and the indexes. A mathematical clear exposition of Microeconomics with an extensive bibliography.