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Mendeley Climate Change Library

To support vital research being carried out into climate change, Mendeley has created the Climate Change Library – a collection of over 5,000 articles published across 412 Elsevier journals in 2018 and 2019. The articles are freely available until the end of 2019 for all existing and new Mendeley users to download and read.


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Built environment changes the radiative, thermal and hydrological properties of the land surface creating higher temperature over urban regions known as the Urban Heat Island (UHI), enhancement of precipitation and warm season thunderstorms causing flash flooding, and intensification of pollutant concentrations in urban regions. Rapid urbanization and climate change are expected to exacerbate urban surface effects on health, economy and the environment. It is therefore necessary to study the...
Topics: Dynamic urban fraction, Sensible and latent heat fluxes, Urban canopy, Urban climate, Urban energy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lanyu Li; Zhiyi Yao; Siming You; Chi Hwa Wang; Xiaonan Wang
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To tackle the increasing global energy demand the climate change problem, the integration of renewable energy and negative emission technologies is a promising solution. In this work, a novel concept called “negative emission hybrid renewable energy system” is proposed for the first time. It is a hybrid solar-wind-biomass renewable energy system with biochar production, which could potentially provide energy generation, carbon sequestration, and waste treatment services within one system....
Topics: Biochar, Gasification, Hybrid renewable energy system (HRES), Negative emission technologies...
Tropical montane cloud forests are vulnerable to climate change. The cloud layer is lifting, causing warmer and drier conditions. With climate change, tropical ecosystems have the potential to accentuate global CO2 emissions because of their significant influence over global C cycling. Unfortunately, we do not know how this will affect belowground communities, like soil fungi, and the vital ecosystem processes they control. We performed a soil translocation experiment along an elevation...
Topics: Climate change, Decomposition, Extracellular enzyme activity, Fungi, Translocation, Tropical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mariusz Gałka; Marta Szal; Tanja Broder; Julie Loisel; Klaus Holger Knorr
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High-resolution plant macrofossil records were examined alongside geochemical analysis (non-destructive X-Ray fluorescence and carbon stable isotopes), pollen, and micro-charcoal data of an ombrotrophic mountain peatland located in the Harz Mountains, central Germany, Europe. We hypothesize that increased deposition of dust and pollutants across the bog surface causes changes in habitat conditions, which in turn lead to shifts in moss-dominated communities. We observe that increases in the...
Topics: Carbon isotopes, Deforestation, Human impact, Sphagnum succession, XRF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Since natural gas emits less carbon than does coal per unit of electricity generation, some analysts suggest natural gas will help to mitigate climate change. However, sociological research has found that the substitution of one natural resource for another often does not happen as anticipated because of political and economic factors. Here, we analyze cross-national time-series data to examine the connection between growth in emissions from natural gas consumption and changes in emissions from...
Topics: CO 2 emissions, Displacement, Energy, Natural gas
Loess and stalagmite records in China show different responses of Asian monsoon to the astronomical insolation during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5c and 5e, raising the question whether the amplitudes of the whole Asian monsoon are linearly controlled by the astronomical summer insolation changes and whether the regional differences exist. In this study, a set of numerical experiments are conducted for these stages to examine the sensitivity of Asian summer monsoon to changes in the astronomical...
Topics: Climate sensitivity, Moisture, Numerical experiment, Stalagmite δ18O
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Furong Niu; Ji Chen; Peifeng Xiong; Zhi Wang; He Zhang; Bingcheng Xu
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Pulsed rainfall affects both aboveground vegetation dynamics and belowground biogeochemical processes, such as carbon cycling, in semi-arid regions. In order to study carbon released by soil respiration (SR) after rainfall pulses in natural grassland on the Loess Plateau, a rainfall simulation experiment was conducted in a grassland community co-dominated by a C 4 herbaceous grass [Bothriochloa ischaemum (L.) Keng] and a C 3 leguminous subshrub [Lespedeza davurica (Laxm.) Schindl] in the loess...
Topics: Climate change, Q 10 value, Semi-arid grassland, Simulated rainfall, Soil CO 2 efflux
The Beijing–Tianjin Sandstorm Source Region (BTSSR) is the main sandstorm source area in northern China, which plays a crucial role in ecological safety and sustainable development of Beijing and the neighbouring areas. As a result of climate change, ecological restoration and anthropogenic activities, the ecosystem in the BTSSR has experienced substantial changes over the recent decades. The main objective of this study is to quantify the dominant ecosystem services from 2000 to 2010, based...
Topics: "Beijing–Tianjin Sandstorm Source Region (BTSSR), China, Climate variability, Ecological...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Isaac Apuri; Kenneth Peprah; Godwin Thomas Wedam Achana
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The paper aims at assessing agroforestry as an adaptation strategy to a changing local climate. Agroforestry is necessitated by the need to improve tree population along the Sisili River and other areas in the Kassena Nankana West District. Primary data were generated through survey methods in which questionnaires were administered to 75 agroforestry farmers. It was triangulated with eight focus group discussions and five key informant interviews. Additionally, secondary data on rainfall and...
Topics: Adaptation, Agroforestry, Climate change, Farmer, Kassena Nankana West, Local climate
Soil temperature is an important physical variable of soil and plays a key role in controlling the underground hydro-thermal processes in permafrost regions on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). Daily soil temperatures were observed at five different vegetation cover sites (alpine wet meadow, alpine meadow, alpine steppe, alpine desert steppe and alpine desert) from 2012 to 2015 in permafrost regions on the QTP. The performance of three reanalysis soil temperature products (National Centers for...
Topics: Observation, Permafrost, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Reanalysis product, Soil temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hanna Meyer; Johannes Schmidt; Florian Detsch; Thomas Nauss
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Monitoring of climate variables such as air temperature is gaining increasing importance under climate change. This study aimed at developing an hourly gridded 3.5 × 3.5 km air temperature (T air ) data set for entire South Africa. In a Random Forest approach, MSG SEVIRI data from 2010 to 2014 were used and related to T air measured by 78 weather stations. An external validation on new climate stations and years that were not used for model training indicated the ability of the model to...
Topics: Air temperature, Climate, Machine learning, Meteosat, Random Forest, South Africa
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Santiago Fernández-Rodríguez; Pablo Durán-Barroso; Inmaculada Silva-Palacios; Rafael Tormo-Molina; José María Maya-Manzano; Ángela Gonzalo-Garijo; Alejandro Monroy-Colin
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Airborne grass pollen is the main cause of allergenic diseases in many parts of the world although its frequency differs regionally. This risk could be included in the context of urban air pollution and climate change as environmental hazard and factors provoking allergies. The main objective of this study is to construct a local statistical forecasting model that takes the peculiarities of the daily average grass airborne pollen concentrations from an urban area placed in a city in the SW of...
Topics: Airborne natural risk, Allergy, Environmental modelling, Grass pollen, Time series analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Nowadays, global CO2 emissions play a focal role in the human sustainable development and environmental concern. This paper investigates the relationships among CO2 emissions and the efficient factors including energy consumption, oil product, gross domestic product (GDP), non-oil GDP, foreign direct investment (FDI), gas consumption, citizen rate, cost of energy, number of vehicles, and mean incoming urban and rural in Iran over the period of 1976–2016. A factorial design was applied to...
Topics: Energy, FDI, GDP, Latent variable method
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sara A. Shields-Menard; Marta Amirsadeghi; W. Todd French; Raj Boopathy
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Energy security, environmental concerns, and unstable oil prices have been the driving trifecta of demand for alternative fuels in the United States. The United States’ dependence on energy resources, often from unstable oil-producing countries has created political insecurities and concerns. As we try to gain energy security, unconventional oil becomes more common, flooding the market, and causing the major downshift of the usual unstable oil prices. Meanwhile, consumption of fossil fuels...
Topics: Global warming, Lignocellulosic ethanol, Microbial lipids
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Peat Leith; Russell Warman; Andrew Harwood; Karyn Bosomworth; Phillip Wallis
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We report on an initiative that sought to negotiate the intersections of science, policy and practice through reconciling supply and demand (RSD) for research. We propose a synthesised framework that can be used to either inform or analyse the practice of RSD, then examine an Australia-wide program that was designed to link research with strategic regional planning for climate change adaptation in natural resource management. Cross-scale lessons from this endeavour at national (program), and...
Topics: Science policy, Sustainability science
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sara Casagrande Bacchiocchi; Stefan Zerbe; Lohengrin A. Cavieres; Camilla Wellstein
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In the Southern Alps, climate warming induced the use of artificial snow since two decades. In this area, two different ski piste management practices prevail: (1) large and medium ski resorts (M), which guarantee a ski season of four to five months using artificial snow, whereas (2) in the small, local ski resorts (S) it usually lasts two or three months. Our research addresses two main questions: 1) what is the impact of the ski pistes on the physico-chemical properties of the snow, on the...
Topics: Artificial snow, Climate change, Plant functional groups, Ski slopes, Snow cover, Technical snow
Pakistan is the world's most susceptible country to extreme climatic events, such as floods and droughts. This study aims to investigate the risks related to climate variability and the adaptation measures utilized by farm households in their farms to cope with the adverse shocks of climatic disasters. A dataset of 600 respondents was collected using structured questionnaire from four districts namely Charsadda, Mardan, Nowshera and Peshawar of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Findings...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate variability, Climatic risks, Floods and droughts risks, Pakistan, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sara Mohamed Hassan Atwa; Mona Gamal Ibrahim; Ahmed Mohamed Saleh; Ryo Murata
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Green business parks (GBPs) are attractive to employees because of their environmental and social benefits. Recently, sustainability has become an international trend that is intended to tackle climate change. Therefore, there is a persistent need for sustainable landscapes in GBPs to ensure that workplaces are productive and healthy. The main focus of this research is developing a methodology of the GBPs‘ landscapes, in order to guide the stakeholders in the decision-making process....
Topic: Virtual reality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Today, transportation of freight by trucks and vans faces congestion within most of the urbanized areas around the world, making supply chains less efficient and causing air pollution, noise, reducing traffic safety and also contributing to climate change. Underground freight transport (UFT) can be an alternative for, but also an addition to existing transport modes for freight, like road, rail and waterborne. It combines the advantages of taking the traffic movements underground and applying...
Topics: Capsules, Pipelines, Underground freight transport
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel Krekel; Remzi Can Samsun; Ralf Peters; Detlef Stolten
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This paper assesses the separation of CO 2 from ambient air from a technical and economic standpoint. Reducing CO 2 emissions and their sequestration from the atmosphere is vital to counteract ongoing climate change. The most promising technological options for CO 2 separation are first identified by reviewing the literature and comparing the most important technical and economic parameters. The results point to amines/imines as adsorbing agents to separate CO 2 from ambient air. A system...
Topics: Polyethyleneimine adsorption, Techno-economic analysis
Chestnut forest ecosystems have a complex fire ecology; a result of centuries of co-evolution with pre-industrial era, cultural fire use by local communities based on Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK). As the “forest transition” unfolds throughout Europe however, and the traditional role of chestnut forest ecosystems as producers of edible nuts and firewood declines, chestnut forest resilience may be endangered due to disturbance regime changes driven by transformations in land use...
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Chestnut forest ecosystems, Fire risk, Forest transition, Prescribed burning,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. Iturbide; J. Bedia; S. Herrera; J. Baño-Medina; J. Fernández; M. D. Frías; R. Manzanas; D. San-Martín; E. Cimadevilla; A. S. Cofiño; J. M. Gutiérrez
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Climate-driven sectoral applications commonly require different types of climate data (e.g. observations, reanalysis, climate change projections) from different providers. Data access, harmonization and post-processing (e.g. bias correction) are time-consuming error-prone tasks requiring different specialized software tools at each stage of the data workflow, thus hindering reproducibility. Here we introduce climate4R, an R-based climate services oriented framework tailored to the needs of the...
Topics: CMIP5, Climate indices, Climatic change, Downscaling, NetCDF-java, Open science
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Juliette Kon Kam King; Céline Granjou; Juliette Fournil; Lauric Cecillon
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The Paris Agreement reached at the COP 21 signals the new centrality of carbon sinks, including soils, as a key means of enabling a net zero carbon global balance through the development of ‘negative emission technologies’. This article focuses on the 4 per 1000 Initiative, which the French government launched to foster soil carbon sequestration with an international scope. We present and discuss the multidisciplinary design of our research, the methodological tensions that it entailed and...
Topics: Climate change, Multidisciplinarity, Negative emission technology, Soil carbon sequestration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hoang C. Tin; Tran N.K. Ni; Le V. Tuan; Isuzu Saizen; Robert Catherman
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Mangrove ecosystems in central Vietnam play an important role in protecting the coast line; reducing erosion and salinization; as well as regulating climate. Mangrove ecosystems in Cu Lao Cham-Hoi An Biosphere Reserve contribute significantly to the role of coastal protection, climate change resilience, and local economic development. Historical satellite remote sensing data, intensive field surveys and GIS techniques have been employed in many tropical areas worldwide to detect mangrove...
Topics: Landsat, Mangrove ecosystem degradation, Satellite remote sensing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by E. R.Jasper Wubs; Sarah J. Woodin; Marc I. Stutter; Sonja Wipf; Martin Sommerkorn; René van der Wal
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Snow strongly affects ecosystem functioning in alpine environments with potential carry-over effects outside of snow periods. However, it is unclear whether changes in snow cover affect microbial community functioning in summer. In a field experiment, we tested whether manipulation of snow cover affected the functional capabilities of the microbial community either directly, or indirectly through concomitant changes in the vegetation. While 23 years of differential snow depth and persistence...
Topics: Alpine moss heath, Carbon cycling, Carry-over effects, Climate change, Microbial community, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Douglas L. Bessette; Joseph L. Arvai
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Governments and privately-held utilities will have to drastically reduce their carbon emissions to mitigate climate change. Such reductions will require transitioning electrical infrastructure to rely on cleaner fuels and power-generation technologies. Despite the myriad factors influencing both the process and eventual outcome of these transitions, it is typically transitions’ cost and individuals’ willingness to pay (WTP) for them that dominate both strategic planning and political...
Topics: Energy portfolios, Multi-criteria decision analysis, Social and environmental attributes,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qi Zhao; Yi Zhao; Shanshan Li; Yajuan Zhang; Qingan Wang; Huiling Zhang; Hui Qiao; Wuping Li; Rachel Huxley; Gail Williams; Yuhong Zhang; Yuming Guo
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Background The association between temperature and cardio-respiratory disease in urban areas has been widely reported but there is limited information from populations living in rural areas that may be disproportionately affected by climate change. Objectives To quantify the associations between daily temperature and clinical visits due to cardiovascular and/or respiratory disease in rural villages in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China over 2012–2015. Methods Daily data on clinical...
Topics: Ambient temperature, Cardio-respiratory diseases, Distributed lag non-linear model, Rural China
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. G. Simoes; L. Dias; J. P. Gouveia; J. Seixas; A. Chiodi; M. Gargiulo; G. Long; G. Giannakidis
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Urban areas have a pivotal role to play in climate change mitigation, as they are responsible for a high share of energy consumption and provide many opportunities for more efficient supply & use of energy. This makes the case for energy system modelling at city level, as done within the INSMART EU project, which identified the optimum mix of measures for a sustainable energy future for four European cities in a holistic manner. The approach combined quantitative modelling with...
Topics: Integrated energy planning, Low carbon urban energy plans, Sustainable energy action plans, TIMES...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cátia Brito; Lia Tânia Dinis; Helena Ferreira; José Moutinho-Pereira; Carlos Correia
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The climate change scenarios besides foreseeing a severe drought imposition also emphasize the temperature rising in the Mediterranean region, with special prominence at nighttime. Despite the high olive tree tolerance to severe environmental conditions, stomatal nighttime water loss can change plant water relations, and the related consequences and opportunities, especially under water scarcity, must be clarified. A set of 3-year-old potted olive trees were subjected to three cycles of...
Topics: Drought, Nocturnal warming, Olive tree, Stomatal opening, Transpiration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qingpeng Yang; Weidong Zhang; Renshan Li; Wenhui Zheng; Jinyan Yang; Ming Xu; Xin Guan; Ke Huang; Longchi Chen; Qingkui Wang; Silong Wang
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The effect of carbohydrate supply on stem CO 2 efflux and its temperature sensitivity is crucial in predicting forest carbon cycling under climate change and forest management but has been rarely reported. In this study, we altered carbohydrate supply via stem girdling and investigated the effect of nonstructural carbohydrate concentration on stem CO 2 efflux and its temperature sensitivity in Chinese fir and sweetgum trees in spring and winter. The stem CO 2 efflux of Chinese fir increased...
Topics: Cunninghamia lanceolata, Liquidambar formosana, Nonstructural carbohydrate, Q 10, Stem respiration,...
In this study, we developed the tree-ring width chronology for the period of 1404 BCE to 2015 CE using Qilian juniper (Sabina przewalskii Kom.) trees collected from the Buerhanbuda Mts. in the southeastern Qaidam Basin (QB) near Nuomuhong Village, Qinghai Province. This is the first and longest chronology to date in this region. Based on the relationships between the tree-ring width chronology and climate data, the annual precipitation from previous July to current June (July-June) was...
Topics: Annual precipitation, Chronology, Millennium, Qaidam Basin, Tree-ring
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Allene Macabuhay; Alireza Houshmandfar; James Nuttall; Glenn J. Fitzgerald; Michael Tausz; Sabine Tausz-Posch
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Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration [CO2] drives the rise in global temperatures, with predictions of an increased frequency of heat waves (short periods of high temperatures). Both, CO2 and high temperature, have profound effects on wheat growth and productivity. We tested whether elevated [CO2] (eCO2) has a potential to ameliorate the effects of simulated heat waves (HT) on wheat in a dryland cropping system. Wheat was field-grown at the Australian Grains Free Air CO2 Enrichment (AGFACE)...
Topics: Carbohydrate metabolism, Climate change, Grain quality, Grain yield, Photosynthesis, Triticum...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rattanawan Mungkung; Patthra Pengthamkeerati; Ratcha Chaichana; Saranya Watcharothai; Kittiwan Kitpakornsanti; Supachok Tapananont
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Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Hom Mali organic rice production in Surin province, Thailand was performed to evaluate the potential environmental impacts. The scope of study was the farm gate and the functional unit was set as one kg of organic paddy rice. The inputs and outputs were collected from the farm's data recording including the measurement of water levels inside the rice field which was done over the production cycle along with methane and nitrous oxide emissions. Inventory analysis...
Topics: Greenhouse Gas (GHG), Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Organic jasmine rice, Water footprint
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David Neil Bird; Rosmarie de Wit; Hannes Peter Schwaiger; Konrad Andre; Martin Beermann; Maja Žuvela-Aloise
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Climate change is expected to increase temperatures worldwide and exacerbate urban heat load due to the urban heat island effect. Urban populations will be more exposed to climate change impacts on human health and mortality as compared to citizens living in rural areas. To adapt, urban populations will increase the use of air conditioning and an increase in electricity consumption for cooling is forecast. We use a top-down method, based on the hourly electricity consumption and daily...
Topics: Air conditioning, Climate change, Human comfort, Urban heat island
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Joachim H. Spangenberg; Sylvia Lorek
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It is increasingly obvious that for safeguarding environmental sustainability, eco-efficiency measures will need to be complemented by sufficiency, in particular by strong sustainable consumption. The Theory of Planned Behaviour TPB and Social Practice Theory SPT offer different views on consumer behaviour, and on ways to change it. This paper briefly describes the challenges, discusses the applicability of both theories and their meaningfulness for policy recommendations. We suggest an...
Topics: Dimensions of affordability, Prism of sustainable consumption, Social practice theory SPT,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Paul Tobin; Nicole M. Schmidt; Jale Tosun; Charlotte Burns
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Prior to the 2015 Paris Conference of the Parties (COP), every state was requested to submit a pledge of their own design. To date, there has been a lack of large-n studies that provide a broad picture of these pledges. We employ Discourse Network Analysis to examine critically the climate pledges of all 162 actors at the Paris COP. Our research offers four main contributions. First, we provide data regarding the mitigation and adaptation components of every national pledge. Second, we identify...
Topics: COP 21, Climate change, Discourse Network Analysis, Negotiating groups, UNFCCC
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhejin Li; Lingling Yan; Xiaolong Wang; Peng Yan; Yawen Shen; Hongcui Dai; Xiaolei Yang; Jixiao Cui; Yuanquan Chen
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Large quantities and many varieties of agricultural organic wastes are produced in China annually. Applying agricultural organic wastes to soil plays an essential role in coping with the environmental pollution from agricultural wastes, solving the energy crisis and responding global climate change. But there is little information available on the effects of different agricultural organic wastes on soil greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The objectives of this study were to investigate and compare...
Topics: Characteristics of organic wastes, Cropping system, Emission factors, North China Plain, Organic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Understanding response of streamflow to environmental changes is crucial for large-scale water resources management and ecosystem restoration. There is no consensus on how environmental change influence streamflow in different regions across climate gradient, as previous studies mainly focused on a single river basin or climate region. This study analyzed the variations of aridity index and its contributions to streamflow change based on Budyko's framework approach using bias-corrected...
Topics: Aridity index, Budyko analysis, Climate regions, Environmental change, Sensitivity analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amanda M. Tadini; Gustavo Nicolodelli; Bruno S. Marangoni; Stéphane Mounier; Célia R. Montes; Débora M.B.P. Milori
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Soil organic matter (SOM) plays an important role in environmental sustainability, since it is involved in carbon and nutrient cycling. Consequently, it is a key factor to consider in studies concerning global climate change and agronomy. Among the main components of SOM are humic substances (HS), which are divided, according to their solubility, into humic acid (HA), fulvic acid (FA), and humin (HU) fractions. Study of the chemical properties of this organic matter is important for...
Topics: Amazon, FAAS, LIBS, Organic matter
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change projections foresee an increasing number of intense precipitation events with consequent flash and riverine floods. An accurate and rapid mapping of these phenomena is a key component of effective emergency management and disaster risk reduction plans. Earth Observation big data such as the ones acquired by the Copernicus programme, are providing unprecedented opportunities to detect changes and assess economic impacts in case of disasters. This paper presents an innovative flood...
Topics: Flood index, Flood mapping, Multi-temporal statistics, SAR
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The landscape surrounding urban areas is often used as farmland. With the observed expansion of urban areas over the last decades and a projected continuation of this trend, our objective was to analyze how urbanization affects food supply and demand in The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. We used a chain of simulation models covering components of the atmosphere (climate simulations), biosphere (crop yield calculations), and anthroposphere (simulations of urban expansion and land-use change) to...
Topics: Climate change, Food supply and demand, Land systems, Middle East, Scenario analysis, Urbanization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Faidherbia albida parklands cover a large area of the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Africa, a region that suffers from soil fertility decline, food insecurity and climate change. The parklands deliver multiple benefits, including fuelwood, soil nutrient replenishment, moisture conservation, and improved crop yield underneath the canopy. Its microclimate modification may provide an affordable climate adaptation strategy which needs to be explored. We carried out an on-farm experiment for three...
Topics: Climate change, Competition, Crop physiology, Facilitation, Heat stress, Local adaptation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christophe Jaeger; Pierre Foucard; Aurélien Tocqueville; Sarah Nahon; Joël Aubin
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An aquaponics system (AS) is an integrated system that combines a recirculating aquaculture system and a hydroponics system (HS). It is designed to recover nutrients released from fish and transfer them to plants to provide a system more environmentally-friendly than the two systems working separately. As a result, several AS are under development, but little information is available about their overall performances. The aim of this study was to assess nutrient-use efficiency and environmental...
Topics: Climate change, Eutrophication, Nitrogen, Phosphorus
Water shortage appears to be expedited under the current climate change scenario worldwide. The present work was aimed to investigate the effects of zinc-chelated lysine (Zn-Lys) on germination and yield of water stressed radish plants. The research was comprised of two studies where the effect of Zn-Lys seed priming on germination attributes under PEG-induced water stress was investigated in the first experiment. In the second experiment, growth, physio-biochemical, and yield responses of...
Topics: Antioxidants, Bio-fortification, Drought, Nutrient dynamics, Nutritional quality, Plant biomass
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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We conducted a one-year longitudinal study in which 600 American adults regularly reported their climate change beliefs, pro-environmental behavior, and other climate-change related measures. Using latent class analyses, we uncovered three clusters of Americans with distinct climate belief trajectories: (1) the “Skeptical,” who believed least in climate change; (2) the “Cautiously Worried,” who had moderate beliefs in climate change; and (3) the “Highly Concerned,” who had the...
Topics: Behavior, Beliefs, Climate change, Cluster analysis
Over the last decade, much attention has focused on wetland resilience to disturbances such as extreme weather events, longer climate change, and human activities. In geomorphology and cognate disciplines, resilience is defined in various ways and has physical and socioeconomic dimensions but commonly is taken to mean the ability of a system to (A) withstand disturbance, (B) recover from disturbance, or (C) adapt and evolve in response to disturbance to a more desirable (e.g., stable)...
Topics: Dryland, Environmental change, Floodplain, Resilience, Resilient, Wetland
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Deepika Swami; Prashant Dave; Devanathan Parthasarathy
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Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) variability has always been a feature affecting Indian agriculture. However, nature of this variability is varying in the backdrop of climate change, and as a consequence, agriculture is getting significantly affected and subsequently threatening food security. To address the climate variability, most of the studies conducted so far have focused on a coarse scale such as Central India or Western Ghats. However, finer scale analysis for identification and...
Topics: Adaptation, Agriculture vulnerability, Extreme rainfall events, Ideal cropping pattern, Monsoon...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Patricia Marana; Colin Eden; Henrik Eriksson; Clara Grimes; Josune Hernantes; Susan Howick; Leire Labaka; Vasileios Latinos; Rene Lindner; Tim A. Majchrzak; Igor Pyrko; Jaziar Radianti; Amy Rankin; Mihoko Sakurai; Jose M. Sarriegi
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Unexpected crises and risks affect the urban population. Critical infrastructure dependency, climate change and social dynamics have captured the attention of city decision makers across different disciplines, sectors, and scales. Addressing these challenges mandates an increase in resilience. This article presents the development of the novel European Resilience Management Guideline (ERMG) developed by the European H2020 Smart Mature Resilience (SMR) project. It encompasses five supporting...
Topics: Cities, City resilience, Co-creation process, Guideline, Resilience, Urban resilience
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The Holocene (11,500 cal a B.P. to the present) is marked by the beginning of the Neolithic Age and the origin of agriculture. Holocene climatic changes have certainly influenced vegetation successions and human living conditions. However, few studies have attempted to link the palaeo-ecological data with archaeological evidence to understand Holocene human-environmental interactions. Beijing, an early human settlement and the ancient and modern capital of China, is a hotspot for studying human...
Topics: Beijing, Climatic change, East Asian monsoon region, Holocene, Human living environments, North...
This paper explores some of the challenges involved in designing a monitoring framework for a complex policy initiative designed to support climate change adaptation in a highly varied and dynamic implementation environment. It looks specifically at the UK's Department for International Development (DFID) initiative called Action on Climate Today, a five-year programme that aims to support the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into policy systems in five countries and ten locations in...
Topics: Adaptation, Adoption, Categorical indicators, Complexity, Evaluative indicators, Policy initiative,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Raul Munoz Castillo; Kuishuang Feng; Laixiang Sun; Joaquim Guilhoto; Stephan Pfister; Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm; Klaus Hubacek
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Biofuels play a critical role in the Paris Agreement to help achieve climate change mitigation targets. However, a significant increase in production of biofuels might potentially be realized at the expense of overusing natural resources, particularly land and water. Understanding the tradeoffs between the impacts on land and water arises as a critical issue in the development of biofuels. This energy-water-land nexus might be particularly important for Brazil, which currently is the world's...
Topics: Biofuel, Brazil, Land-water nexus, Multi-regional input-output analysis
The coastal region bordering the East coast of India is a thickly populated belt exposed to high risk and vulnerability from natural hazards such as tropical cyclones. Tropical cyclone frequencies that develop over the Bay of Bengal (average of 5–6 per year) region are much higher as compared to the Arabian Sea thereby posing a high risk factor associated with storm surge, inland inundation, wind gust, intense rainfall, etc. The Odisha State in the East coast of India experiences the highest...
Topics: Coastal Vulnerability Index, Inundation, Storm surges, Tropical cyclones
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Joel Katzav; Wendy S. Parker
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The theoretical foundations of climate science have received little attention from philosophers thus far, despite a number of outstanding issues. We provide a brief, non-technical overview of several of these issues – related to theorizing about climates, climate change, internal variability and more – and attempt to make preliminary progress in addressing some of them. In doing so, we hope to open a new thread of discussion in the emerging area of philosophy of climate science, focused on...
Topics: Climate science, Climate sensitivity, Climate states, Philosophy of climate science, Theoretical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jaume Albertí; Joan Ribas-Tur; Núria Garrido-Soriano; Linghui Zhang; Guobao Song; Patxi Hernández; Pere Fullana-i-Palmer
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Solar thermal energy is considered a ‘clean’ form of energy; however, environmental impacts occur during its life-cycle. The present work compares the environmental performance of two scenarios: a solar thermal system for providing domestic hot water (DHW) used in conjunction with a traditional natural gas heating system, and the natural gas heating system on its own. Weak points are found and different eco-design scenarios are evaluated in order to achieve a more circular economy. In...
Topics: Building, Circular economy, National emissions, Nationally determined contributions, Renewable...
Biological control of spider mites using phytoseiid mites is frequently being disrupted by high temperatures, which results in an important and urgent research topic. We hypothesized that this scenario could be ameliorated if the thermal tolerance of a certain phytoseiid mite is enhanced. In this study, a high temperature adapted strain (HTAS) of the predatory mite Neoseiulus barkeri Hughes was selected from its conventional strain (CS) via a long-term heat acclimation (maintained at 35 °C)...
Topics: Biological control, Climate change, Heat acclimatory, Phytoseiid mites, Thermal tolerance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Facing sea-level rise, scientists recommend adaptation measures to relocate the most vulnerable assets. This is of particular interest regarding coastal land use management issues. In order to address the acceptability of these measures, we use the choice experiment method to assess residents' preferences for different relocation policy measures that differs according to four attributes. A survey was implemented in the South of France involving 240 people evenly distributed between coastal and...
Topics: Relocation, Risk perception, Sea level rise
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexandra Medl; Florin Florineth; Silvia B. Kikuta; Stefan Mayr
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Climate change will lead to increased frequencies of weather extremes in Central Europe, such as severe heat waves and droughts, causing high stress intensities for plants. Drought stress also represents a critical factor on many re-cultivated areas with poor edaphic conditions and small soil depths. This includes living wall systems which are applied to cover shotcrete walls and re-integrate them in landscape surroundings. Due to the vertical arrangement of these systems, which limits...
Topics: Drought stress, Living wall systems, Osmotic potential, Relative water content, Stomatal...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gustavo Sousa; Benjamin M. Jones; Parham A. Mirzaei; Darren Robinson
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Housing Stock Energy Models (HSEMs) play a determinant role in the study of strategies to decarbonise the UK housing stock. Over the past three decades, a range of national HSEMs have been developed and deployed to estimate the energy demand of the 27 million dwellings that comprise the UK housing stock. However, despite ongoing improvements in the fidelity of both modelling strategies and calibration data, their longevity, usability and reliability have been compromised by a lack of modularity...
Topics: Dynamic energy simulation, Housing stock, Modularity, Open-source, Policy support
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in developing countries (REDD+) has been piloted in several countries among socio-economically diverse forest-dependent communities and households. Piloting is a way to raise awareness of REDD+ and its likely practice in the future. The impacts of piloting schemes on likely adoption of REDD+ among participating households and whether those households are fully aware of REDD+ goal are not fully understood in a range of contexts. This...
Topics: Adoption, Community forest, Household, Participation, REDD+ goal
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In Japan, a body of archaeological assemblages with radiocarbon dates has been providing better understanding of relationship between lithic technology, pottery culture, settlement system, social change, and environment. This paper presented newly conducted radiocarbon dating on charred residue on potteries from Initial Jomon sites in northeastern Hokkaido. This work evidenced current pottery typological chronology and allows us to confirm diachronic lithic technological change associated with...
Topics: Climate change, Holocene, Lithic technology, Radiocarbon dating
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Bamboos comprise the subfamily Bambusoideae distributed in all continents except for Antarctica and Europe. They occupy varied habitats and are sensitive to climate change. They have sporadic flowering and low rates of dispersal, which make them indigenous and characteristic of the continents in which they occur. Plate tectonics have also played an important role in their dispersal. The dependency of various organisms on bamboos as food source and their sensitivity to climate change make...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stephanie E. Austin; James D. Ford; Lea Berrang-Ford; Robbert Biesbroek; Nancy A. Ross
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Local public health authorities often lack the capacity to adapt to climate change, despite being on the ‘front lines’ of climate impacts. Upper-level governments are well positioned to create an enabling environment for adaptation and build local public health authorities' capacity, yet adaptation literature has not specified how upper-level governments can build local-level adaptive capacity. In this paper we examine how federal and regional governments can contribute to enabling and...
Topics: Adaptive capacity, Canada, Climate change, Germany, Health policy, Multi-level governance, Public...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Claudia Traboni; Salvatore Davide Mammola; Miriam Ruocco; Yaiza Ontoria; Juan M. Ruiz; Gabriele Procaccini; Lazaro Marín-Guirao
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Posidonia oceanica meadows are facing global threats mainly due to episodic heat waves. In a mesocosm experiment, we aimed at disentangling the molecular response of P. oceanica under increasing temperature (20 °C–32 °C). The experiment was carried out in spring, when heat waves can potentially occur and plants are putatively more sensitive to heat stress, since they are deprived in carbohydrates reserves after the cold winter months. We aimed to identify the activation of different phases...
Topics: Cellular stress response, Climate change, Gene expression, Heat, Posidonia oceanica, RT-qPCR
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Remy Manderscheid; Markus Dier; Martin Erbs; Jan Sickora; Hans Joachim Weigel
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Global warming and associated decrease of summer precipitation will intensify the limitation of crop growth through water unavailability in Europe. Concomitantly, the rise of atmospheric CO2 concentration ([CO2]) decreases stomatal conductance and thus transpiration as evident at the leaf level. However, knowledge about the effect of elevated [CO2] ([eCO2]) on seasonal water use of crops is rather poor. In a two year field study, winter wheat was grown under ambient [CO2] (393 ppm) and [eCO2]...
Topics: Climate change, Evaporation, Evapotranspiration, Free-Air CO2 enrichment (FACE), Nitrogen...
Energy/emission intensity indicators measure the relationship between economic development and climate change. These intensity indicators are preferentially used in assessment criteria for mitigation goals in places such as China. This paper investigates the driving factors of changes in the national CO2 emission intensity and their contributions to reductions at the sector level in China from 2002 to 2012 using multiplicative structural decomposition analysis (SDA) and attribution analysis....
Topics: Ghosh input-output model, Leontief input-output model, Multiplicative SDA
United States withdrawal from the Paris Agreement, which follows well-known principles of common pool resource management, poses a serious challenge, but it could provide a golden opportunity to cement and advance the efficacy and legitimacy of the Agreement. The Agreement encourages subnational units to participate in a polycentric, multistakeholder governance structure. As many as two dozen states have policies that could put them in compliance. These states represents over 40% of U.S....
Topics: Climate change subnational actions, Economy of state policies, Paris agreement, Political
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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A supportive policy and legal framework is critical for the implementation of interventions to mitigate climate change such as REDD+. This paper analyses Uganda's policies and laws, with the purpose of determining whether the policy issue, objectives of policies and laws provide for a supportive environment for REDD+ activities. The policies and laws analyzed include those indicated in Uganda's Readiness preparedness proposal and any other relevant public policies. The following questions...
Topics: Deforestation, Laws, Policies, REDD+, Uganda
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by R. K. Jat; Ravi G. Singh; Mukesh Kumar; M. L. Jat; C. M. Parihar; Deepak Bijarniya; J. M. Sutaliya; M. K. Jat; M. D. Parihar; S. K. Kakraliya; Raj K. Gupta
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In recent years, scarcity of water, energy and labour, increasing production cost, decreasing farm profitability and climate-change-induced variability are major challenges faced by the farmers in the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) of South Asia. Conservation agriculture (CA) based best-bet crop management practices may increase crop productivity and profitability, while conserving natural resources. In a 10-year (2007–2017) field study, we assessed the effects of four combinations of tillage...
Topics: APSIM model, Crop yield and economics, Cumulative probability distribution, Permanent beds, Zero...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Diego F. Correa; Hawthorne L. Beyer; Joseph E. Fargione; Jason D. Hill; Hugh P. Possingham; Skye R. Thomas-Hall; Peer M. Schenk
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Novel energy production systems are needed that not only offer reductions in greenhouse gas emissions but also cause fewer overall environmental impacts. How to identify and implement more sustainable biofuel production alternatives, and how to overcome economic challenges for their implementation, is a matter of debate. In this study, the environmental impacts of alternative approaches to biofuel production (i.e., first, second, and third generation biofuels), with a focus on biodiversity and...
Topics: Biodiversity, Bioenergy, Biofuel, Climate change, Ecosystem service, Microalgae, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pieter A. Zuidema; Benjamin Poulter; David C. Frank
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Realistic forecasting of forest responses to climate change critically depends on key advancements in global vegetation modelling. Compared with traditional ‘big-leaf’ models that simulate forest stands, ‘next-generation’ vegetation models aim to track carbon-, light-, water-, and nutrient-limited growth of individual trees. Wood biology can play an important role in delivering the required knowledge at tissue-to-individual levels, at minute-to-century scales and for model...
Topics: Climate change, Earth system models, forests, individual-based models, vegetation modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by G. Mathias Kondolf; Rafael J.P. Schmitt; Paul Carling; Steve Darby; Mauricio Arias; Simone Bizzi; Andrea Castelletti; Stanford Gibson; Matti Kummu; Zan Rubin; Thomas Wild
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Two decades after the construction of the first major dam, the Mekong basin and its six riparian countries have seen rapid economic growth and development of the river system. Hydropower dams, aggregate mines, flood-control dykes, and groundwater-irrigated agriculture have all provided short-term economic benefits throughout the basin. However, it is becoming evident that anthropic changes are significantly affecting the natural functioning of the river and its floodplains. We now ask if these...
Topics: Mekong Delta, Mekong River, River Basin management, Sediment budget, Sediment management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Vera Eory; Sylvain Pellerin; Gema Carmona Garcia; Heikki Lehtonen; Ieva Licite; Hanna Mattila; Thøger Lund-Sørensen; John Muldowney; Dina Popluga; Lisbeth Strandmark; Rogier Schulte
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Combatting climate change has risen to the top of the international policy discourse. Effective governance necessitates the generation of concise information on the costs-effectiveness of policy instruments aimed at reducing atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The marginal abatement cost curve (MACC) approach is a framework commonly used to summarise information of potential mitigation effort, and can help in identifying the most cost-effective managerial and technological GHG...
Topics: Agriculture, Greenhouse gas emissions, Marginal abatement cost curves, Methodology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Current building energy use is projected to increase by 1.7% annually until 2025, and the great potential for energy reduction in existing buildings has created opportunities in building energy retrofit projects. In this research, a framework and method are proposed to evaluate the impacts of different retrofit options to existing building under climate change. A Python retrofit tool is developed to perform parametric study by running EnergyPlus under different retrofit scenarios for existing...
Topics: Building retrofit, Climate change, Energy use, EnergyPlus, Feature selection, Random forest
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Fugitive methane from underground coal mining is the main source of methane emissions in China. Accurate and updateable methane emission factors for underground coal mining are of great significance for the accounting of methane emissions in China. In this paper, 10,951 underground coal mines are investigated for developing an emission factor matrix for national and provincial scales. For national emission factors, 27 types of emission factors are determined according to the classification of...
Topics: Methane emission factors, National, Provincial, Uncertainty analysis, Underground coal mine
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Elie Gaget; Thomas Galewski; Fréderic Jiguet; Isabelle Le Viol
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Climate change is one of the strongest biodiversity threats. Worse still, the impact of multiple anthropic stressors on species dynamics could complicate adaptation to temperature increase. International conservation policies aim to protect ecosystems against anthropic pressures, but their ability to facilitate adaptation to climate change has yet to be assessed. Using wetland bird monitoring surveys, we evaluated the differences at the country scale of community adjustment to temperature...
Topics: Birds Directive, Citizen science, Community Temperature Index, Global warming, Wetland birds