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Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive

The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE; Peterson Institute), until 2006 the Institute for International Economics (IIE), is a private and non-profit think tank focused on international economics, based in Washington, D.C. It was founded by C. Fred Bergsten in 1981, and is led by Adam S. Posen. According to the 2015 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report (Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program, University of Pennsylvania), PIIE was number 20 (of 150) in the "Top Think Tanks World...



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Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Monica de Bolle argues that sanctioning Venezuelaâs oil company PDVSA will worsen the country's humanitarian crisis but will likely not change President Nicolas Maduro's behavior.
Topics: sanctions, United States, Latin America & Caribbean
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Gary Clyde Hufbauer argues that criticism of the ISDS is largely unwarranted, but improvements in its procedures and processes are warranted.
Topics: free trade agreements, PIIE, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Jeromin Zettelmeyer and Jacob Funk Kirkegaard are optimistic that a government coalition of Merkel's Christian Democrats and the Social Democrats would successfully work with French President Emmanuel Macron to implement necessary euro area reforms.
Topics: Germany, France, politics, euro area
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Daniel Heller and Martin Chorzempa believe that policymakers need to create a regulatory framework for initial coin offerings.
Topics: regulations, technology, currency
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Chad P. Bown cautions the Trump administration that its unconventional trade policies—such as imposing tariffs on steel and aluminum, and over intellectual property—could lead to conflict with some of the United States’ largest trading partners.
Topics: United States, trade policy, disputes
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Hundreds of millions of Chinese citizens still use costly informal credit where they lack access to a formal financial system. Martin Chorzempa says that Chinese officials should work with private companies to improve the rules around sharing while protecting consumer data that will provide fair priced loans to Chinese people.
Topics: China, technology, banking, regulations
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Monica de Bolle argues that Venezuela is giving higher priority to paying its foreign creditors than to the Venezuelan people.
Topics: fiscal deficit, Latin America and Caribbean, government
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Nicolas Veron says that rescinding AIGâs status as âsystemically importantâ will not lead to financial instability.
Topic: financial crises
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Jacob Funk Kirkegaard says Prime Minister Theresa Mayâs offer to grant EU citizens certain rights in the United Kingdom does not go far enough.
Topics: United Kingdom, European Union, migration
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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At a recent CNN town hall debate between Senators Bernie Sanders and Ted Cruz, Jacob Funk Kirkegaard questioned the validity of Senator Sandersâ policy proposals to spend like a Scandinavian country while only raising taxes on the wealthiest citizens. In this Peterson Perspectives interview, Kirkegaard discusses Denmarkâs effective tax rate where middle class citizens are taxed nearly 50 percent of their income.
Topics: Denmark, Taxex, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Jacob Kirkegaard
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Joseph E. Gagnon and Edwin M. Truman discuss the pros and cons of Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchinâs comments perceived as seeking depreciation of the dollar.
Topics: currency, United States
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Monica de Bolle discusses Brazilâs latest political scandal that has sparked investor panic and thrown markets into turmoil.
Topics: Brazil, politics, capital markets
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Jacob Funk Kirkegaard weighs in on UK Prime Minister Theresa Mayâs decision to hold a snap election to secure her position as leader of Britainâs Brexit negotiations.
Topics: United Kingdom, Politics, Brexit
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Nicholas R. Lardy explains that the downgrade of Chinaâs sovereign credit rating will have minimal economic impact.
Topics: China, sovereign credit rating, PIIE
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist discuss the economics of trade policy. This week they examine the impact of international trade on economic activity within developing countries like India, Vietnam and Brazil. They talk with Professor Nina Pavcnik of Dartmouth College about her research on how trade liberalization has impacted workers and firms, what affects their ability to adjust, and the implications for poverty reduction and inequality. They also discuss...
Topics: Emerging Markets, Globalization, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), the program rich countries use to offer lower tariffs to exporters in developing countries. They discuss a variety of programs - the now expired US GSP scheme, the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), as well as differences with the European Union's GSP, GSP+ and Everything But Arms (EBA) policies. They speak with Emily Blanchard (Tuck School at Dartmouth College) and...
Topics: Emerging Markets, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Jacob Funk Kirkegaard and Nicolas Veron discuss the first round of Franceâs presidential election and its ramifications for the European Union.
Topics: France, politics
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explore the US Department of Commerce findings that imports of steel and aluminum threaten national security and the recommendation that President Trump impose new trade restrictions. They speak with Jennifer Hillman (Georgetown Law) about the trade law in use (Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962), the differences between the proposed tariffs and quotas, the likely costs of such a decision, and the implications for...
Topics: United States, Security, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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On the occasion of its 70th anniversary, PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on the origins of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, or GATT. They speak with the authors of "The Genesis of the GATT" (Cambridge University Press)--Professors Douglas Irwin, Petros Mavroidis, and Alan Sykes--about the gripping lead-up to the signing of the transformative trade agreement on October 30, 1947. The American Smoot-Hawley tariffs, British Imperial...
Topics: WTO, Trade Policy, Chad Bown, Soumaya Keynes, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of the Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown introduce a weekly and geeky podcast on developments in international trade and policy. This weekâs episode covers the hostsâ favorite trade (short) stories of the year and their very revealing answers to the question: Why trade? The podcastâs official launch is September 1, 2017. Peterson Perspectives interviews will continue to air along with these new trade-specific episodes of Trade Talks
Topics: Trade Policy, PIIE, Chad Bown, Soumaya Keynes, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Douglas Irwin about his recent book "Clashing over Commerce: A History of US Trade Policy" and the role that protectionism played in the US economy during its industrial development of the 19th century. They examine Henry Clay's proposal for an "American system," the Jeffersonian trade embargo of 1807--09, as well as the theoretical arguments for--and the practical arguments...
Topics: PIIE, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 1 of this 4-episode conversation, they discuss the purpose of such deals, the gains from easing labor market restrictions, and Daniâs views on inserting provisions into free trade agreements regarding intellectual property rights protection, investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS), and rules of origin.
Topics: Labor Disputes, Intellectual Property Rights, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the controversy surrounding the US washing machine market and update the solar panels case, in light of President Trump's decision to impose safeguard tariffs under Section 201 of the Trade Act of 1974. For washers, they describe the history of US mergers in the industry; earlier US antidumping and countervailing duties imposed on South Korea, Mexico, and China; and decisions by foreign companies to invest in America.
Topics: PIIE, United States, Disputes, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist survey listeners and conduct interviews from the WTO Ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires, to describe some of the more bizarre - and fascinating - barriers to international trade found in human history. They analyze the economics of policies applied in countries around the world that affect bicycles and skis, the Internet, video cassette recorders and pirated movies, as well as alcohol, chocolate, and tobacco.
Topics: World Trade Organization, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist examine what a no-deal Brexit would look like, or the economic implications if Britain were to split from the European Union without a new trade deal. They talk with Professor Swati Dhingra of the London School of Economics about her research on what reverting to World Trade Organization (WTO) tariffs would mean for the United Kingdom. They also discuss looming nontariff barriers to trade in sectors like pharmaceuticals,...
Topics: European Union, United Kingdom, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the economics of trade policy. This week they focus on three big fights in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) renegotiations, as President Donald Trump steers the trade relationship between the United States, Mexico, and Canada on Twitter. The first is about the ability of foreign companies to sue governments under NAFTA; the second is Trump seeking to remove constraints on imposing antidumping and...
Topics: North American Free Trade Agreement, Mexico, Canada, United States, Disputes
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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This week Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes focus on the South Korea-US free trade agreement (KORUS) and President Donald Trump's unhappiness with it, as his administration alternates between threats of withdrawal and renegotiation. The episode chronicles the rocky negotiating history of the deal, explains the role of professional economists in advising trade policymakers, and evaluates the performance of KORUS five years after it was finally implemented.
Topics: trade, South Korea, United States, Soumaya Keynes, Chad Bown
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Caroline Freund about her research on big firms, billionaires, international trade, and economic development. First up is her recent book "Rich People Poor Countries: The Rise of Emerging-Market Tycoons and Their Mega Firms" and the evidence behind the importance of being big in international trade. They also probe the downside of unproductive wealth, the rise of inefficient behemoths in...
Topics: Emerging Markets, inequality, trade policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the issues involved in President Trump’s triggering a “Section 301” investigation of China’s unfair treatment of American intellectual property. This special episode covers two questions: What is forced technology transfer, and is it a problem? Is Trump's approach on China the right one?
Topics: trade policy, China, United States, Chad P Bown, Soumaya Keynes, PIIE
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on the December 2017 World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires. They describe the contentious negotiations over India's public stockholding program, fishing subsidies, and electronic commerce. They interview author Paul Blustein about his book "Misadventures of the Most Favored Nations: Clashing Egos, Inflated Ambitions, and the Great Shambles of the World Trade System," including the...
Topics: WTO, PIIE, World Trade Organization, Chad P. Bown
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown focus on the economic tension arising through the ongoing NAFTA--or North American Free Trade Agreementâtalks between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. The episode also dives into the question of how integrated the NAFTA economy is, exploring value-added in the hotly contested automobile industry. The trade geeks also provide rapid-fire answers to questions from listeners who were asked "What else do you want to know...
Topics: United States, Canada, Mexico, North American Free Trade Agreement
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 2 of this 4-episode conversation, they discuss ways to improve such deals as well as his views on social dumping, labor differences across countries, and inserting labor standards into free trade agreements. The also talk about how enforceable labor standards fit into the original Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement...
Topics: Labor, Free Trade Agreements, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a conversation with Ana Swanson from The New York Times about trade and journalism. They discuss encounters relating to steel, aluminum, softwood lumber and lobsters, as well as the surprises along the way, and how to strike a balance between data and anecdotes.
Topic: Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown focus on the Trump administration's approach to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The episode describes US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer's recently articulated positions involving WTO dispute settlement rulings adverse to the United States (e.g., 'zeroing'), a looming crisis in Geneva that threatens the WTOâs independent Appellate Body, and the administration's approach toward 'mercantilist China' - inside or...
Topics: United States, WTO, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) and Chad Bown (PIIE) focus on the Trump administration's risking a trade war, after the president started a Section 232 investigation into whether steel and aluminum imports are a threat to US national security. The episode describes the controversial law that the president triggered, the international response that included threats of retaliation, and the economic problems of both the underlying Chinese overcapacity as well as the administration's potential trade...
Topics: United States, China, Disputes, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown speak with Douglas Irwin (PIIE and Dartmouth College) about popular misconceptions around the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of 1930, the Great Depression, and the global trade wars that ensued. They discuss how the gold standard, tariffs, quotas, exchange controls, imperial preferences, and bartering all fit into the dismantling of the international trading system in the 1930s. They then put President Trumpâs trade policy actions to...
Topics: United States, Disputes, Protectionism, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus this week on the costs of increased uncertainty generated by President Trump's threat to rip up US trade agreements as well as the United Kingdom's Brexit vote to leave the European Union. Professor Nuno Limão of the University of Maryland joins to discuss his recent research on how trade agreements reduce investment uncertainty and provides insight from Portugal's 1986 entry to the European Community, China's 2001 entry...
Topics: United States, Political Economy, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss President Trumpâs upcoming choice to grant trade protection to a sliver of the US solar manufacturing industry. The episode describes cleavages within the solar industry, including jobs, and the rarely used US Section 201 trade law being deployed. It chronicles the long history of environmental, economic, and trade policy problemsâin the United States, the European Union, and Chinaâbehind the solar panel dispute and...
Topics: United States, Disputes, Manufacturing, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown speak with Professor Meredith Crowley (University of Cambridge) about her Brexit research. Crowley describes results from her use of information on product-level UK exports and trade policies to identify the key sectoral risks of Britain exiting the European Union without a new trade deal. She also explains the uncertainty associated with UK exports to the EU facing tariff-rate quotas for agriculture, as well as trade defense...
Topic: Brexit, European Union
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 4 of this 4-episode conversation, they provide a "bonus" technical discussion about the state of formal economics research into the purpose of trade agreements. This includes how governments use cooperative trade deals to both stop the spread of international externalities and to tie their own hands with respect to special interests.
Topic: Trade
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explain developments resulting from President Trump's announcement of new "national security" import tariffs on steel and aluminum. They discuss those countries hit with -- and those excluded from -- the tariffs, the implications for the NAFTA negotiations, and the process for more countries to seek exemption. They describe the European Union's potential response of immediate retaliation and the imposition of its own...
Topics: United States, Security, Commodities, Protectionism, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown have a wide-ranging conversation with Dani Rodrik (Harvard Kennedy School) about trade agreements. In Part 3 of this 4-episode conversation, they discuss concerns with how economists have explained the costs and benefits of trade deals to the public, the role of social safety nets, and adjustment programs to address trade âshocksâ such as NAFTA and Chinaâs entry into the WTO, as well as President Trumpâs approach to trade...
Topic: Trade
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Economists explore explanations for the slowdown of global trade at an event held by PIIE on April 20, 2016. Senior Fellow Caroline Freund presented her view that the slowdown is mostly cyclical (and affected by a topping out of supply chains). Gary Clyde Hufbauer, PIIE's Reginald Jones Senior Fellow, argued that the slowdown is primarily the result of cumulating small, hidden protectionist measures and a lack of liberalization. Also presenting were Ralph Carter, managing director of legal and...
Topics: trade, liberalization
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the escalating tariff fight between President Trump and China. They update the status of Trump's "national security" tariffs on steel and aluminum as well as Beijing's retaliation over $3 billion of imports. They also analyze Trump's $50 billion Section 301 tariff proposal, China's $50 billion proposed retaliatory response, before turning to Trump's subsequent $100 billion request for more tariffs...
Topics: United States, China, Disputes, Protectionism, Trade Policy
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss an ongoing trade dispute involving large civil aircraft jets, Bombardier and Boeing, as well as the governments of Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The dispute involves subsidies, the Trump administration’s potential imposition of tariffs, and the high-stakes politics of putting Quebec and Northern Ireland jobs at risk.
Topics: trade, trade disputes, Bombardier, Boeing, United States
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the evolution of the auto industry in North America. Long before the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the 1965 Canada-US Auto Pact, Mexican maquiladora program, OPEC-induced oil shocks, voluntary export restraints on Japan, and changing consumer preferences shaped the auto industry. NAFTA led to new cross-border supply chains and geographic clusterings in the American âauto alleyâ as well as in...
Topics: Manufacturing, North American Free Trade Agreement
PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist discuss the challenges facing the UK government as it seeks negotiations separate from the Brexit talks to maintain existing market access through the European Union's free trade agreements with more than 60 countries. Roughly 15 percent of UK goods trade is with such countries, which include South Korea, Canada, and Mexico. They speak with University of Sussex Professor Michael Gasiorek about complications preventing the...
Topics: European Union, United Kingdom, Free Trade Agreements
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on a huge WTO dispute in which China is suing the European Union and the United States over their refusal to treat it as a market economy, meaning they will not put lower duties on Chinese exports. They discuss how China’s economy has evolved over time and how to define a 'market economy.' Special features include Keynes’s interview with European Commissioner for Trade, Cecilia Malmström, and conversations about the...
Topics: Trade, Chad P Bown, China, EU, PIIE, Soumaya Keynes
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explain the Chinese economic development strategy at the core of the Trump administration's Section 301 dispute and latest tariff threats. They discuss Beijing's "Made in China 2025" industrial policy, how technology gets transferred, and the tradeoffs American companies face when doing business in China.
Topic: United States, China,Trade & Investment, Intellectual Property Rights
Alan S. Blinder, Princeton University, presents the Institute's third Annual O. John Olcay Lecture on Ethics and Economics at the Peterson Institute for International Economics on May 25, 2017. He addresses the question “Why, After 200 Years, Can’t Economists Sell Free Trade?”  Few issues elicit greater unanimity of opinion among economists, yet the public remains skeptical and may be growing more hostile toward globalization. Blinder provides his thinking on what the public and the...
Topics: trade policy, globalization
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist examine the new Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). They discuss how 11 persistent countries pulled the original TPP deal from President Trump's dustbin and pushed toward agreement by suspending certain important elements. They also speak with PIIE Senior Fellow Jeffrey J. Schott about the motivation behind the agreement for countries like Japan, Australia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Mexico,...
Topics: United States, Trans-Pacific Partnership
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Carsten Fink, chief economist of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), presented the 2015 edition of WIPO's annual flagship publication, the World Intellectual Property Report, on March 17, 2016. Institute Nonresident Senior Fellow Lee G. Branstetter examined the findings of the WIPO report in the context of debates surrounding the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and the conflicting economic priorities of the Northern...
Topics: intellectual property, WIPO, innovation
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Lord Mervyn King, former governor of the Bank of England, delivers the Instituteâs 17th Annual Stavros Niarchos Foundation Lecture on âWorld Trade and Exchange Rates: From the Pax Americana to a Multilateral New Orderâ on May 16, 2017. Lord King, a profound thinker with clarity and a visionary leader at the helm of the Bank of England during the height of the global financial crisis, shares his insights on the challenges to the sustainability of the current system of multilateral cooperation...
Topics: trade policy, United States, currency, multilateral cooperation, globalization
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Soumaya Keynes & Chad Bown
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Marcus Noland about his research on implementing trade sanctions on North Korea. First up is his recent book with Stephan Haggard (PIIE) "Hard Target: Sanctions, Inducements, and the Case of North Korea" and the evidence behind the effectiveness of using trade policy to bring about change in North Korea. They discuss the implications of North Korea's periods of autarky, and the commitment...
Topics: Trade, Chad Bown, PIIE, Soumaya Keynes, PIIE, North Korea
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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David J. Stockton discusses the implications and risks in the US Federal Reserve reducing its $4.5 trillion balance sheet.
Topic: US Federal Reserve
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) and the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) cohost a conference on income inequality and inclusive growth on November 17, 2016. Caroline Freund, PIIE, moderates panel 1, "Income Inequality." Panelists include: Anu Madgavkar, McKinsey Global Institute; Sandy Black, Council of Economic Advisers; and Paolo Mauro, International Monetary Fund. The Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) and the McKinsey Global Institute...
Topics: inequality, growth
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Peterson Institute for International Economics held a conference to discuss border tax adjustment and corporate tax reforms on February 1, 2017. Participants for the first panel on US corporate taxes include Douglas Holtz-Eakin, president of the American Action Forum, on underlying logic for reform; Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Reginald Jones Senior Fellow at PIIE, on the argument for destination-based taxation; and Adam S. Posen, PIIE president, on fiscal concerns raised by the proposals. For more...
Topics: United States, taxes
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Ãystein Olsen, governor of the Central Bank of Norway, presents a speech on âDoes Norway Save Too Much?â on March 22, 2018, at the Peterson Institute. The governor provides insights into the economic policy strategy of resource-rich Norway to transform its oil and gas reserves into financial assets for both macroeconomic management and intergenerational purposes. For more information, visit: https://piie.com/events/does-norway-save-too-much
Topics: Norway, saving rate, oil and gas reserves
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Americas Society and the Peterson Institute for International Economics cohosted the launch of the Winter 2012 issue of Americas Quarterly, "Chinaâs Global Rise: Implications for the Americas," on February 15, 2012. Theodore Moran and Barbara Kotschwar, PIIE, and Kimberly Ann Elliott, Center for Global Development, presented their research on Chinese investment in natural resources extraction.
Topics: China, Latin America, natural resources, mining, resource extraction, Americas, foreign direct...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Jeromin Zettelmeyer, and Adam Posen discuss the future of the European economy after the French election, focusing on the fiscal issues the European Union must face to sustain and deepen the European Union. Olivier Blanchard, Jérémie Cohen-Setton, and Nicolas Véron discuss the f uture of the European economy after the French election, focusing on needed changes in monetary and financi al policies to assure long-term economic stability for the European Union. The event...
Topic: European Union
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Angel Ubide says that after the Cyprus fiasco, bank funding in Europe will become constrained and tax havens like Malta will face new constraints.
Topics: tax havens, Europe, euro area, eurozone, Cyprus, bank crisis, Malta, Angel Ubide, Peterson...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Heidi Crebo-Rediker: Women as a Driver of Economic Growth Heidi Crebo-Rediker, chief economist at the US Department of State, discusses how women can drive economic growth. She delivered her speech at the Peterson Institute for International Economics on June 24, 2013. Discussion: Women as a Driver of Economic Growth Minouche Shafik, International Monetary Fund, and Carly Fiorina, Hewlett-Packard, comment on a speech by Heidi Crebo-Rediker, chief economist at the US Department of State, at an...
Topics: women, economic growth, Heidi Crebo-Rediker, Minouche Shafik, Carly Fiorina, Peterson Institute for...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Nicolas R. Lardy says China has made progress in making its economy less reliant on exports but worries about the increasingly dominant role of state-owned enterprises (SOEs).
Topics: China, growth
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Michael Mussa, Arvind Subramanian, and Anders Aslund take audience questions at the seventeenth PIIE semiannual Global Economic Prospects event held April 8, 2010.
Topics: global economic prospects, world economy, economic forecast, Michael Mussa, Arvind Subramanian,...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for Internation Economics
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Michael Mussa, saying there will be an end to this recession, assesses the latest economic indicators and the Obama administration's plans for a financial system bailout.
Topics: economic crisis, financial crisis, recession, Obama administration, financial system bailout,...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Pascal Lamy, former director-general at the World Trade Organization, presents recent work on the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), and the prospects of multilateral trade negotiations at an event hosted by the Peterson Institute and the World Bank Group on November 2, 2015. Robert B. Zoellick, former World Bank president, and Anabel González, a senior director at the World Bank, were discussants. For more information, visit:...
Topics: World Trade Organization, WTO, global trade, TPP, Trans-Pacific Partnership, TTIP, Transatlantic...
Peterson Institute for International Economics Archive
by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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The Peterson Institute for International Economics hosted the Washington launch of the E15 Initiative on March 9, 2016. The event highlighted the recently launched E15 Report, which offers detailed suggestions for improving governance of the global trade and investment system in the 21st century. The expert panel discussing the report included PIIE Senior Fellows Gary Clyde Hufbauer and Robert Z. Lawrence, as well as Richard Samans, member of the managing board of the World Economic Forum, and...
Topics: E15 Initiative, trade, investment, Gary Hufbauer, Robert Lawrence, Richard Samans, Ricardo...
Adam S. Posen argues that if the Obama team structures its stimulus package properly, it can have a significant effect on the economy.
Topics: fiscal stimulus, economic stimulus, Obama, Adam Posen, Peterson Institute, Institute for...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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David J. Stockton says the Federal Reserve will certainly raise interest rates this weekâthe bigger question is how soon they make their second move.
Topic: United States, US Federal Reserve Bank, monetary policy, interest rates, David Stockton, Peterson...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Nicholas R. Lardy assesses the prospects and potential impact of legislation to impose duties on Chinese goods if it does not let its currency appreciate.
Topics: China, sanctions, United States, Nicholas Lardy, Peterson Institute for International Economics,...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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C. Randall Henning assesses the slow birth of a potential new financial cooperative led by China, Japan, South Korea, and the growing economies of Southeast Asia, but they are struggling to define themselves and their mission.
Topics: monetary policy, Asia, Henning, Peterson Institute, Institute for International Economics
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by Peterson Institute for Internation Economics
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Gary Clyde Hufbauer says the rush to rescue auto industries worldwide may create inefficiencies, hurt consumers, and weaken the global trading system. Hufbauer is coauthor of "Money for the Auto Industry: Consistent with WTO Rules?"
Topics: auto industry, auto bailout, Big Three, global trading system, WTO, World Trade Organization, Gary...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Anders Aslund says President Putin will continue a hard line on foreign policy, but his team of technocrats is notable for the absence of KGB operatives and others with a reputation for corruption.
Topics: Russia, Putin, foreign policy, corruption, Russian cabinet, Anders Aslund, Peterson Institute for...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Anders Ãslund assesses the impending Russian accession to the World Trade Organizationâand the chances the United States will fail to take advantage of it.
Topics: Russia, United States, PNTR, permanent normal trade relations, WTO, World Trade Organization, trade...
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by Peterson Institute for International Economics
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Anand Sharma, India's Minister for Commerce and Industry, takes audience questions on his speech "India in a Globalized World" at a Peterson Institute meeting held June 18, 2009.
Topics: India, globalization, Anand Sharma, world trading system