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Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation

The studies presented in this collection are related to the area of education in a very broad sense. They comprise experiments based on psychological, linguistic, and information science theories and models, which have been applied to both single individuals and samples.



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Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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This report presents a system for the simulation of interactive behaviour strategies. The system has been constructed on the basis of a psycho-ecological model. The core of this system is an action-oriented behaviour simulation. The reliability of the information mediating variables, which have been built into the system, has been calculated. These are the association, structure and process paradigms. Furthermore, some explorative results from an adaptive simulation of behaviour are given...
Topics: behaviour simulation, system analysis, event, action, mediating variables
This report suggests a new approach to quantification of the relationships within a whole sentence and presents a system for the analysis of concepts by data processing (ANACONDA). The psychological model for ANACONDA is outlined and a first measure building up concepts with an empirical root is discussed. Panel assessments have been used for quantification resulting in high reliability scores. By means of cluster analysis the empirical materials concerning researchers' views of scientific...
Topics: psycholinguistics, concept formation, cognition, interview data, psychometrics, regression analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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To an ever-increasing extent, in scientific investigations of various kinds are data collected, which consists of verbal expressions. They may have been generated through verbal presentations, personal interviews, open questions or written accounts. Therefore, it is not unusual that an investigator is confronted with data collections that appear to be âunstructuredâ and of an extent that it seems to be an insurmountable task to extract the information content with so-called informal methods,...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis, AaO model, running text, functional text geometry
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract   There is a conviction among leading beer historians that Hildegard von Bingen introduced hops as additive in beer, although there exist several skeptical voices about it. The aim of this article is to give a contribution to the elucidation of some facts in this matter. Two texts were analyzed with Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex), which captures internal relationships in texts. The first analysis concerned the widely referred translation of chapter 61 about the hop plant in...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex), text geometry, translation, Hildegard von Bingen, middle...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk, Helge Helmersson, & Bengt Lohmander
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Traditionally, respecting peopleâs choice is considered equal with respecting people. Founded on the premise of choice, elaborated and hierarchically organized organisations have been built up to guarantee growth of living standard for securing quality of life. This article reports on a study, which questions the adequacy of this premise. Three models of feasible societies have been used to study the way in which people prefer one or the other with respect to how uncertain or certain they are...
Topics: Swedish model, projected societies, Latin-square, canonical discriminant analysis, discriminant...
1. A model of analysis is introduced and behavioural science is delimitated using scales of definitions. Various steering factors in science are discussed. Special attention is directed to the steering power of the scientific language 2. The development of school-system and special education are analysed in relation to two traditions of culture: the scientific-mercantile and the humanistic-romantic traditions. Four different periods in the development of special education are distinguished. 3....
Topics: behaviour models, research process, steering, scientific language, cultural traditions, personality...
In contrast to traditional linguistic analysis, a model based on the empirical Agent is put forward and tested. A text is regarded as an intentionally produced cognitive process. The analysis has to take the Agent (perspective) into account in order for an adequate processing of its Objectives (viewpoints) to come about. Moreover, the model is surface-oriented and assumes the cognitive relevance of an utterance to be defined by the dynamics of the text production and not by artificial semantic...
Topics: multinational, industry, linguistic context, intention, AaO paradigm, integration, coherence
One of the most frequent mythical figures in the Old Icelandic sagas is the fylgja, which in animal shape tells its owner his destiny in a dream. In the Gunnlaug Saga Ormstungu the fylgja dream of Torstein plays a central role of marking the developments of the whole saga. The essence of a PTA/Vertex analysis of this dream has previously produced the integrated Gestalts of Impetus as the root of the intentional dimension and Virtue as the root of the orientational dimension. These are...
Topics: dreams, destiny, Gunnlaug Saga, Old Norse, Old Icelandic, angular articulation, non-linear...
This report presents the psycholinguistic model underlying the development of a method for a computer-based content analysis, called ANACONDA. A program-flow diagram for the construction of concepts illustrates basic steps in the Semantic Differential Technique. Some metric properties of the scales applied are discussed. The empirical approach of scaling linguistic elements (adjectives and verbs), which are taken out of context, are described. The results of the scaling procedures are given...
Topics: scaling, Osgood, semantic differentials, regression, panel, similarity analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Abstract In a quote of A.S. Eddington it is stated that “where science progressed the farthest, the mind has but regained from nature that which the mind has put into nature”. Selecting this kind of observed reality as central theme implies the assumption that present and future belong to the issue of reality. Further, an attempt to place the two German realities, which have emerged after WWII in the context of a new German reality, means defining modern political life in trans-reality...
Topics: Observed reality, German realities, World War Two, Reliability, Shaping, Human Knowledge,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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In this article, understanding is discussed with reference to an Agent-action-Objective model. The formalism developed controls the processes of differentiation and integration underlying understanding. The starting point is a culturally agreed-on expectancy or prescription, which defines a particular form of understanding. Central to an investigation of how scientists model understanding is how they conceive symbols. The collective cognitive imperative in the scientific community states that...
Topics: self-reference, prediction, state change, classification
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The present article is based on the premise that mind is an emergent property of the processes that produce consciousness. Any scientific understanding must necessarily consider the need of an explanation of consciousness. Instead, the non-sense property of traditional scientific modelling appears to hide the phenomenon. In contrast, the explored hypothesis is based on the assumption that the meaningfulness of natural language is the carrier of consciousness. It is assumed that the structural...
Topics: shapes of mind, AaO-axiom, consciousness, non-linear dynamics, awareness, causal loop diagram,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Consciousness, in the beginning of its scientific use, was considered to be material, i.e., to represent an attribute of substance or matter. During later periods, it was associated with learning processes. Based on questionnaires and interviews, a number of different definitions have made its learned content dependent on statistical measures of what people consciously know. However, statically and without a proper time-scale, it is impossible to identify causal links to the biological...
Topics: functional text geometry, real time imaging, AaO-axiom, perspective text analysis (PTA), textual...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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The classical hypothesis underlying measurement and representation of natural phenomena is based on the analytic proposition. The traditional assumption is that stimulus - response pairs can be studied with respect to intensity or power and resistence to change. In contrast, the Schema hypothesis advanced, assumes the synthetic proposition as the foundation of an approach that observes dynamics and invariance under change as essential. The developed model and procedures for schematization...
Topics: schema, synthesis, algorithm, agent control, ecology, topographic
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Nicoletta Caramelli & Angela Montanari
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This research aims at showing that children shift their interpretation of the same metaphor according to the social role respectively of the speaker and the addressee of the sentence, to the degree of lexicalisation of the metaphor, and to their age. We chose the simplest type of metaphorical sentence , i. e., the ‘nominal’ one in the form 'X is a B', where X was a proper name and be an animal term. The twelve animal terms used produced six lexicalised and six new metaphors. Every metaphor...
Topics: cognition, metaphor, story, perception, statistics
This report presents and motivates the theoretical frame of reference and choice of research strategies and methods in a project on research planning. It contains (1) a theoretical model and (2) empirical data concerning the initial phase of the research process. A model, based on principles of general systems theory and a psychology of information, is described and the design of an interview study and its realization is reported. Problems of data processing and data analysis are discussed. A...
Topics: research problems, structuring, perception evaluation, policy, descriptive statistics, general...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This article presents the prerequisites and implications of a new method called Perspective Text Analysis. The discussion concerns some basic differences in social science and linguistic approaches to language modelling and its consequences. The concepts of organisation and structure are contrasted and it is shown and explained the reason why these concepts are mixed up in models of language and texts. In the model presented, text is conceptualised as an exact depiction of the continuous and...
Topics: organisation, structure, cutting edge, information flow
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The purpose of the discussion in this article is to give an evolutionary background to a method developed for the analysis of language seen as expression of intention and morality. The method is named “Perspective Text Analysis”. This name indicates that beyond the physical dimension of a text there is a metaphysical one, which can be discovered by a formal mechanism. The cue component of this mechanism is the Agent, which controls the perspective of the text. It has developed as a...
Topics: language evolution, AaO-axiom, consciousness, language model, perspective control, Kantian schema,...
In this investigation, the influence of self-confrontation on the behaviour while explaining reasoning problems is analysed with the aid of several parameters of verbal behaviour. The behavioural change of persons with the opportunity to come to an understanding of their own behaviour by means of video recordings is compared with the behavioural change of persons without self-confrontation. Moreover, the explanatory behaviour  in general and the change of the explanatory behaviour after...
Topics: self-confrontation, teacher training, kommunication, regression analysis, personality variables,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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In a number of preceding articles having appeared in this series it has been demonstrated that the AaO paradigm can be used to develop a cognitive helical structure. The present article advances the process to the forth of five phases. Of the four dependent variables emerging at this stage, two will be discussed, namely (1) zero processing and (2) variations in form. The other two will be presented in a forthcoming article. A short introduction gives some of the basics that govern the process....
Topics: AaO paradigm, design, helix, structure, semantics, lexicon, expansion, sphere, illusion, factor,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Language processing can hardly be discussed without a statement of the fundamentals on which the instrumentation rests. The models and their operationalisation express the linguist's starting-points, more or less conscious, when he faces the phenomenon of language. A commonly accepted position in linguistics is that language is a set of culturally transmitted conventions. The language describing these conventions is called a linguistic model when it forms some systematics. To linguists this...
Topics: agent function, Kantian schema, AaO-model, perspective control, empirical validity
The goal of the study presented in this paper is based on the idea that James Gibson proposed a radical and productive ecological approach not only to the study of perception but also to conception. The present experiment is an attempt to generalise Gibsonâs approach to understanding peoplesâ perception and conception of their social and cultural environment. The experiment has been designed within a multivariate experimental frame and was carried out with 160 lower division university...
Topics: observer, environment, involvement, representation, function, Latin-square, discriminant function
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Effective communication is of crucial importance for the development of effective social organisations. Deficient communication combined with rapid technological and social changes appears to lead to both ecological and psychological imbalance. An increasing number of environmental groups are working for ecological improvements, but young people seem to find it increasingly difficult to master the task of developing an integrated personality. This shows itself in stress and an inability to...
Topics: behaviour patterns, behaviour change, television, simulation, teacher education, personality...
This report contains analyses of the results of student teachers' self-assessment and the assessment by pedagogical experts on videotaped protocol material. The data have been analysed by means of ANOVA and canonical correlations. Further, the ANOVA has been carried out in three steps: Analysis of (1) structure of the F-tests, (2) precision and power and (3) post hoc analyses. Canonical correlations have been analysed with regard to (1) significant bi-variate relations, (2) the relations...
Topics: CCTV-experiment, assessments, educational experts, self-confrontation, contrast analysis, Anova,...
An experimental study was carried out at the Malmö School of Education in 1969 and 1970 for the purpose of studying the effects on the self-assessment of student teachers of, firstly, externally mediated self-confrontation processes (via closed-circuit television and video-recording), and secondly, dyadic confrontation processes (in the form of traditional tutoring). Detailed reports on the background, design and result of the experiment have been presented in Swedish. The present report gives...
Topics: microteaching, self-assessment, external, mediation, self-confrontation, CCTV, VR, dyadic...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
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The basic hypothesis of the presented contribution is that mind is an emergent property of the processes that produce natural language expressions. The shape of the mind of a particular person can be discovered through the mechanisms forming the corresponding language space. Although covered by textual surface properties, this space is approachable with VERTEX which is a new version of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). Due to the Agent-action-Objective (AaO) axiom, it has been possible to...
Topics: functional text geometry, PTA/Vertex, text processiong, AaO model, algorithmic coding
L ooking with a holistic perspective at a Bellman Song means considering a certain kind of energy investment. Lest its underlying cause can be established, it would be unlikely to detect changes that will affect the conceptual configuration of a song. A geometric point of view on magnitude and direction needs to be calculated and presented in the form of Potential Energy Surfaces (PES). Especially PES graphs are much more than just depictions of rhythms. Their unfolding is manifesting the...
Topics: bellman, song, energy investment, state attractions, poetry, AaO mechanisms, bi-componential...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The mental event horizon of law maker can be analysed, based on the Agentaction-Objective [AaO] paradigm. The roots of [A] and [O] are used with the purpose to explain structural novelties, resulting from an approach to Hammurabi’s Epilogue to his code of Law. Though, the particular operations of translating the code into English and the production of corresponding rotations have an influence on the developing spaces of intention and orientation. The concept of a landscape allows for the...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis (PTA), energy landscape, character, endorsement, law code, Hammurabi,...
Abstract     Human language ability is usually seen as an effect of a sudden leap in genetic mutation that equipped man with a frame of generative rules for language production. Noam Chomsky’s idea implies that communication between people and over time would be a matter of agreeing on what categories shall be put into the framework. Thus, a skeptical attitude towards the depicting ability of language can be found among scholars who adhere to this agreement. However, the premise of the...
Topics: Language geometry, AaO formalism, non-linear analysis, energy landscapes, biology of language,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This article presents in compressed form the development of a psycho-ecological model for simulation of interpersonal relations (SIR). SIR is a method and an instrument, which permits a simulation of strat­egies of interactive behaviour. From a behavioural science point of view the method should make it possible to map mechanisms that produce and reproduce behaviour. SIR may also be used as an aid in studying how the individual's perception and evaluation steer and control behavioural changes....
Topics: behaviour theories, markov chains, closed circuit television, videorecording, event simulation,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Ever since Chomsky published his work on the syntactic structures, linguists, AI-researchers, philosophers and psychologists have been obsessed with trying to prove the relevance of the formalism that his work advocates. The Chomskyan tradition assumes that the automaton represents the highest form of knowledge, and that, therefore, knowledge of language exists only as propositions. In the later works of Chomsky, the X-bar theory, especially its minimalist version, is proposed to be a purified...
Topics: declarative description, phrase structure grammar, finite state generator, minimalist hypothesis,...
For the first time in the history of psychological and educational measurement the Kantian schema has been applied to natural language expression in a rigorous and precise way. The crucial novelty of the approach concerns the way in which the Kantian schema interrelates the analytic with the synthetic mode in the construction of the presented formalism. The main thesis advanced is based on the premise that the synthetic in contrast to the analytic proposition plays the central role in the...
Topics: measuring, change, Kant, AaO system, expression, consciousness, carrier, language, dance, language,...
The significance of a citation of China’s Xi Jinping, incorporating Confucius’ sayings, resides not in its physical reality, but in core values, which imply the Agent [A] of the [AaO] formalism as the intentional force in a relationship to the Objective [O] and thus the idea of self-orientation. It follows that the intention of Xi needs to be mediated through an exchange of properties that are duty-bound with respect to self-cultivation, their family, community and society. Stated in terms...
Topics: Xi Jinping, Asian philosophy, Confucius, self-cultivation, energy landscapes, Family values, AaO...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The basic argument of this article is that the predicate, in its profane sense, has a realistic ground. A discussion of realism in language analysis is made on the basis of a reconstruction of the paradigmatic functions intended in the Objective component. By introducing the Subject component as the governing factor for analysing predications, the author schematically demonstrates the "ecologically significant" double binding between the objects of the predicate.
Topics: realism, language, objective, AaO paradigm, linguistics, representation, figure, ground, cooperation
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The focus of this article is on the question whether pure literature can contribute to education. As a portion of modern literature study in Swedish upper secondary level, novels about the future were examined, especially some, which take a critical position toward modern civilisation. In an experiment using Perspective Text Analysis, a master text has shown the theoretically rooted dimensionality of "futurism" as a socially valid concept. 18 year-olds got the task to write about a...
Topics: surface concepts, structural concepts, futurism, civilisation novels
A main line of thought in modernistic prose concerns the authorsâ efforts of transforming scientific concepts into literary forms. Two scientific ideas can be discerned in 20th Century thinking, the structuralism in Europe and the functionalism in the USA. This paper presents two experiments. One discusses the behaviouristic writing style of Ernest Hemingway and formulates the hypothesis that, since he is a behaviourist in practice then he should be a functionalist in mind. The basis for this...
Topics: functionalism, behaviourism, writing style, articulation, unfolded space, folded space, test,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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To enable the examination and evaluation of the quality of scientific publications and research funding, researchers should rely heavily on the principles of behavioural research for conducting and reporting empirical studies. In this report both general rules and suggested conventions have been compiled, i.e. (1) general principles for designing and evaluating behavioural research, (2) suggestions for principles to guide the researcher in preparing scientific reports for publication, and (3)...
Topics: research, behavioural, reporting, guide, preparation, design, control, criteria, writing, convention
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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An early poem by Tomas Tranströmer, “Sammanhang” (Connectedness) from the collection 17 poems (1954) has been studied. With the Agent-action-Objective [AaO] model and the associated procedures of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/ Vertex), an approach is presented for discovering the interior of modern poetry. The study describes how the articulatory side interacts with its non-articulatory side for imaging an interior landscape in the form of energy flows and fusions. Through the technique,...
Topics: Swedish poetry, literary analysis, language geometry, AaO formalism, non-linear analysis, angular...
This report presents a summary of an interview study. The purpose of the study has been to obtain empirical information on how researchers at institutes of education perceive, structure, and define educational and psychological problems. The collection, evaluation and presentation of the results of the study have been made on the basis of system theoretic assumptions.
Topics: research policy, interview data, system analysis, concept formation
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This study concerns The Dwarf (Dvärgen) by Pär Lagerkvist. The author wanted to give his tribute to the Renaissance masters by letting the dwarf express his scorn and contempt for humanism. Further, Lagerkvist wanted to characterize the greatness and lowness of Man through the prince and his innate dwarf. It is a general conception that the prince character in this novel has retrieved properties from Machiavelli’s Prince. Thus, the research question is whether Lagerkvist, accordingly,...
Topics: mentality, duality, Perspective Text Analysis (PTA), holophors, language space, perspective...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Societies oriented towards the development of high technology, like the Western World, are not only dependent on an unrestricted information flow, but demand more and more investments in education. Therefore, a new and deepening interest in the factors for possible conditions seems to appear in the public. One of the dominating hypotheses is that cultural conditions determine the basic presupposition for the development of competence and professional mobility. Against this background, it will...
Topics: workers, mobility, competence, cultural context
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The classical research operations in the cognitive sciences concern categorisations as well as classifications, which strongly have been influenced by nomological approaches. As a consequence, information processing has been explained with reference to syntactic-semantic models. Because of an absence of structural implications, personal interpretations have had great impact on the presentation of results of relevance to the cognitive sciences. In contrast, and central to the present article is...
Topics: AaO paradigm, recursive phase singularities, physical mechanics, point attractors, clusters, Block...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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The production of string rotation and pattern dynamics through the generation of text must build on the presence of a reversible rotary motor which has a synthesizing capacity. This is the discovered AaO-mechanism, which has the power to capture synthesis through emerging AaO-rings. Further, the transcription through the Functional Clause (FC) provides the foundation for their differentiation and decides on the trend in the governing messengers. A precisely definable number of messengers is...
Topics: AaO axiom, functional, text geometry, flow field, spinning dot, operating messenger, graphical...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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In our time there is a growing fear propagating in media that the newly elected president of the United States, Donald Trump, incarnates attributes and personality traits that will lead mankind toward an inexorable disaster. In order to understand the forces that took the   president to power, a public discussion of the Renaissance personality Machiavelli has been brought to the fore and with it the characteristics of leadership. Typical of the debate is an archaic linking of the unwanted...
Topics: Language geometry, topology, non-linear analysis, angular articulation, structural constraints,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This seminar paper contains a short principled discussion of the use of prepositions in the interaction of language with information science models. The point of departure is the problems of ambiguity identified in various computer-based approaches to the specification of information. The paper ends up in a proposal for ecological thinking in text analyses where the concept of action range should have the cue function. Examples are taken from the context of the Visual Cliff experiments. The...
Topics: preposition, cognition, element, information, organization, language, ecology
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This report presents a comprehensive description of the computing methods used for testing ANACONDA (Analysis of Concepts by Data processing). Of special importance is the program developed for identification of words in the text with words in the dictionary. In the form of an appendix some background information to the ANACONDA method is given.
Topics: computer language, program development, word identification, matching procedure
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This article presents a competence-oriented experiment on the comprehension of ideas in modern literature. Comprehension is defined as being indicative of competence as distinct from qualification. 117 students from various educational programs in a Swedish gymnasium participated in a course on modem literature and society. In the process of testing, the students were at two occasions exposed to three videotaped projections of model societies. In this connection they responded to 15...
Topics: literature experiment, Literature-Science dependency, modernism, fiction, societal models, future...
S peaking of Zeitgeist as a significant variable of life makes no sense in the absence of processes that are supposed to lead to cultural progression. Many different cultural preferences have affected drinking practices as a formal ritual activity as well as attitudes towards drinking. Instrumental in this process is the Germanic pattern of beer drinking through which the past is flowing into the present and is facilitating some far-reaching concepts, associated with spirit. In a historical and...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis (PTA), Energy landscape, indoor socialisation, high-status events, styles...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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The major assumption made is that language as a natural system is both self-organising and self-referential. Compared to common syntactic-semantic approaches, the present approach is ecological and builds on the unambiguous identification of textual agents and agencies together with their objectives. Because information transaction cannot be studied without an emphasis on the text producerâs text building behaviour, his intended and oriented schematising as unitising activity has been focused...
Topics: AaO system, expression, proposition, text building, behaviour, agent, scale factor, operative...
The article presents an experiment in which students, classified according to high and low analytical performance, were given a reading and text production test to determine their sensibility to the structure of an Icelandic saga. This material was used because of its extreme simplicity on the textual surface level, a property suited for studying structure as something beyond the surface. The hypothesis tested is whether the structure mediated through the produced texts pertains to a...
Topics: learning strategy, single subject study, teaching strategy, writing style, AaO mechanism,...
This report describes the development and application of the idea of microteaching in research and education. It presents a cybernetic model for a systematic and controlled study of the way in which the individual makes use of different feedback devices for self-control and self-direction. The model is applied in an examination of an extremely comprehensive collection of research literature. The result of the investigation is studied with regard to its significance for a person's ability to...
Topics: cybernetic model, microsettings, experiments, teacher education
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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In studying poem-embedded consciousness, the present approach has been based on Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). Methodologically, the version Vertex is used and the focus is on suffering in the Age of Reason in which both the French Système and the Philosophes had trouble with fitting the horrors of catastrophic events into the optimistic worldview of that time. In particular, Voltaire’s position concerning the doctrine of optimism and the solutions, proposed by the Church and the Système,...
Topics: reversible synthesizing AaO mechanism, consciousness, self-reference, self-indication, age of reason
This is the second article in a series of three, the objective of which is to describe the fun¬damental discontinuities of human existence. In part I: The Fundamental Concepts of Human Existence and the Relation between the Singular and the Super Singular, it was concluded, among other things, that the theories analysed had a number of fundamental concepts of development in common: canalisation that encompasses transference of something from one to another, correlation that encompasses...
Topics: self-reference, AaO system, discontinuity, human, existence, discursive strings
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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This article concerns the rotation-translation hypothesis. Oscillations in pattern dynamics are shown to produce perspective transformations of motifs and themes. At the kinematic level, this condition has made it possible to extract different perspective orientations. As a result, it is shown that motifs carry intentional cues and locate structurally the observerâs thematic orientation. Since the original text and its translation share highly similar informational invariants, their attractor...
Topics: translation, synthetic, proposition, structure, invariance, accusation, dependency, displacement,...
Based on studies of rotational string dynamics within the Agent-action-Objective framework [AaO], concepts and conceptual configurations are reproduced and discussed topologically. Empirically, it will be demonstrated that the developed formalism has the capacity to reproduce the structure contained in an established textual space. The discovered global terminus for the [A] component of the [AaO] paradigm is Mastering, which is attributed to the producer’s intention. The produced...
Topics: Mastering, rethinking, family, connectedness, duty, Kantian terms, incivility, spinning strings,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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This report presents a system for simulation of interactive behaviour strategies. The system has been constructed on the basis of a psycho-ecological model. The basic unit is an event. Each event has been concretised by means of closed circuit television and video recording techniques and anchored in three basic paradigms of behavioural science, namely the paradigms of association, structure and process. The report shows that the structure of properties that is typical for the paradigms has an...
Topics: adaptive behaviour, strategies, simulation, events, actions, principles
This article is advancing the bio-kinematic and demonstrates that the discovered mechanism can capture emergent "AaO" units and track their growth in complexity. It is demonstrated that the textual morphogenesis is generating corresponding informational invariants. On the basis of the translation function, it is made evident that the sequential textual translation of English to Swedish and Swedish to Italian is producing the condition for an effective control of the AaO's within a...
Topics: pertex, vertex, evolution, language dynamics, translation, adaptive landscape, structural distance,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Classical theories of language concern the establishment of constituents with the purpose of describing the organisation of text within the framework of classical mechanics. The novelty in the approach presented in this article lies in a multiple dynamic pendular system that enforces a strict regime on text building behaviour. The working of this mechanism is demonstrated by means of twenty model typical examples. On the basis of these examples, it is concluded that texture and structure...
Topics: conflict, categories, texture, model, structure, time, text, perspective, array
This report is a fifth bibliographic account of literature concerning television as a technical aid in education and in educational and psychological research and contains materials published during the period 1971 to 1974. The references are classified according to 8 main categories, each having 4 subdivisions. The bibliography contains references, which are a result of computer search in the files of ERIC, ISI and SSCI. Dissertation Abstracts International and research literature available...
Topics: microteaching, television, computer search, technical aids
This article presents a study of the metaphor as instrument for the direct perception of events. Its major hypothesis refers to the event structure embedded in the ground of a metaphor. Since the ground is implicit in the linguistic manifestation, an invariant representation of textual movement patterns is assumed to capture the event structure. Experimentally, it is demonstrated that an event is perceivable only through structure. To capture the event means to conserve its structure. As a...
Topics: simile, unfolding, event structure, metaphoric ground, comprehension, concept, symmetry,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The foundations of knowledge by tradition have been treated analytically and knowledge has been characterized as a theoretical subject. This article introduces a steering mechanism as the prerequisite for a study of knowledge work and mainte-nance on empirical grounds. Knowledge is treated synthetically, that is, as something that exists only through the individualâs cooperation with its environment, which implies that criteria can be formulated for the isolation of knowledge processes....
Topics: synthetic model, knowledge process, theory construction, measuring, cognitive function,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This paper presents a new approach to analysing verbal behaviour. Underlying this approach is a subject-governed model, which means that a text producer (agent) is the reference point in coding. The study through which the method is exemplified originates from a survey of mechanics carried out by a Swedish multinational machine industry. The results illustrate how workers in various cultural contexts value information of relevance to their job performance. Despite their Common language, English...
Topics: workers, cultural context, subjective consciousness
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Development into a high technology society implies both the enjoyment of tangible benefits and the discomfort of rising costs as regards the ecological pollution and the degradation of the quality of life. This brings forth the need for an assessment of the consequences for every-day life. This article focuses on the need for an assessment of oneâs own possibility to live in various feasible environmental settings. These have been projected by means of a Behaviour model, a Humanist model, and...
Topics: projections, societies, Swedish model, Humanist model, Behavior model, Growth model, paradigm,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
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The present work is based on the Kantian (AaO)-axiom and conceptualised as textbook. As scientific method in the true sense of the notion science, the Vertex version of Perspective Text Analysis represents a completely new approach to text-based studies. The core of Vertex is introduced by means of instructions to a stepwise procedure. The steps are richly illustrated. The inter-lingual character of Vertex has been tested and established in the context of six different languages, four belonging...
Topics: perspective text analysis (PTA), functional text geometry, Kantian AaO-axiom, language space, flow...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This thematic overview presents some studies on the validation and verification of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). The first section, containing the validation part, provides evidence for the hypothesis about the capacity of PTA to reflect specificity of ecologically specified observations in text production. The following section presents verification studies within various contexts and focuses on individual prerequisites and constraints that are at work when a person is put in a situation in...
Topics: verification, AaO-model, validity, comprehension, competence, Perspective Text Analysis (PTA),...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract  In times of political disorder, exceptional personalities are spreading optimism among the public, which has been disillusioned by various circumstances, such as violence, corruption scandals, and ideological confusion. This study focuses on President Emmanuel Macron, who articulates a vision for Europe aiming at placing France in the forefront. Possible outcomes of such a mission are debated in the media, for example, in the form of lines drawn back to French history, primarily to...
Topics: Emmanuel Macron, European Union, image, illusion, empowerment, protectionism, Republic, Nation,...
The purpose of this paper is to present a linguistic model which can be used for the processing of scientific information. The model has developed through several years of research and experiments in information mediation, structuring, organisation and dissemination in such social and humanistic sciences that have been of interest to Swedish educational research. It has been apparent that a so-called 'information overflow' and 'information explosion' are irrelevant concepts to designate the...
Topics: intermediate language, linguistic model, I&D system, scientific information
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract   In ancient times, sorcery has been associated with the suggestive and rhythmic language of poets and storytellers. The poet could have high standing among the rulers for his praise or be feared by his satires. A person using this kind of malum carmen (vicious song) could be sentenced to death if the honour of another citizen was at stake. Throughout history, the acceptance of sorcery in a society alters depending on whether the magic used is conceived as good or bad. This study...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis, PTA, angular articulation, nonlineare dynamics, sorcery, defamation,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This article is a discussion of the possibility of changing the view of knowledge producing activities toward a competence directed education. After presentation of the traditional behaviouristic model and its consequences when applied on teaching, a new concept of competence is suggested, which differs from the concept of qualification. An important part of the article deals with the evaluation as an idea and a method for quality control. It is shown that evaluation of teacher effectiveness is...
Topics: competence, evaluation research, goal-directedness
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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 The Proof on Kant’s proposition on respect requires the processing of textual movement pattern as a holistic property. Since this involves a means for looking at Kant’s energy investment into movement cycles, a stepping function must be applied in the materialisation of strings of graphemes. In departing from the biophysical hypothesis that the Agent-action-Objective AaO-principle takes account of reversibly synthesizing rotary mechanisms, it is suggested that one or more A- and...
Topics: Kant, proof, AaO principle, energy surface, intention root, orientation root, necessity
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This article presents five text analyses produced with Perspective Text Analysis (PTA / Vertex), founded on the Action-action-Objective paradigm, which Immanuel Kant once proposed in theory and which today is operational. After a terminological discussion about style in writing, the term proposed is textual gait. Thereafter five lectures are presented with the following contents: The first lecture, which introduces the application of the method PTA / Vertex, addresses the problem of formulating...
Topics: Text topology, PES-graphs, Perspective Text Analysis, PTA/Vertex, writing style, bio kinematics,...
A main line of thought in modernistic prose concerns the efforts of transforming scientific concepts into literary forms. This paper presents a study, which formulates the hypothesis that, despite these efforts, a clear distinction should be found between the theory and mind of an author and his text producing practice. A text sample from a well-known American Nobel Prize holder has been studied by means of Perspective Text Analysis, by which the space of a text can be established and measured....
Topics: AaO system, novel, writer, mental, functionalism, behaviourism, Hemingway
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This report presents a system for simulation of interactive behaviour strategies. The system has been constructed on the basis of a psycho-ecological model. The basic unit is an event. Each event has been concretised by means of closed circuit television and video recording techniques and anchored in three basic paradigms of behavioural science, namely the paradigms of association, structure and process. The report shows that the structure of properties that is typical for the paradigms has an...
Topics: simulation, strategies, teacher training, behaviour change, closed circuit television
Since the reception of Tacitus in Europe, Germania was seen as a useful text for the interpretation of political events. Six modern translations into the (1) Swedish, (2) Danish, (3) English, (4) German, (5) French and (6) Italian languages have been made the foundation for the establishment of structures that are, with respect to the original Latin text, distinct and differently contextualized. Hence, the translators need to attune their writings in agreement with a predetermined (internal)...
Topics: European mentality, perspectivation, reception literature, AaO formalism, global trend, inside...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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  The study reported examines a portion of the short story The Killers by Ernest Hemingway as to its concentration of hot and cold areas. The method applied is Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex), which is based on the AaO paradigm and on string rotations in language. It represents a text as the energy landscapes of Agents (A) and Objectives (O). The study uses a graph program that displays two-dimensional contours of the internal landscapes of text as if seen with a thermographic camera....
Topics: Translation, language geometry, Perspective text analysis, angular articulation, non-linear...