Skip to main content

Full text of "Vegetable growers guide, Asgrow : the grower's guide / distributed by the Imlay Co."

See other formats


Historic, Archive Document 


Do not assume content reflects current 
scientific knowledge, policies, or practices. 








THE GROWER'S GUIDE 


DISTRIBUTED BY 
THE IMLAY CO. 


Distributors of ASGROW Vegetable Seeds 
Nursery Florist 
ZANESVILLE, OHIO 





PLANTING TABLE 














* When plants are raised in greenhouse or hotbed. 
+ Varies with method of cultivation, etc. 


. Seed for Seed for +Inches || Inches apart +Planting 
Species 100 ft. row one acre between rows in row depth, inches 

Beans, Bush VY, Ib. 50-70 Ib. 24-30 3-4 1% 
Beans, Pole 6 oz 30-40 Ib. 36-48 9, or hills 1% 

Lima beans, bush 8 oz. 35-60 lb. 24-30 3-4 1% 

Lima beans, pole Op Ley 25-40 lb. 36-48 9, or hills 1% 
Beet Ys oz. 8-10 Ib. 14-24 3-4 VW 
Broccoli Ye oz. *4 oz. 24-30 16-20 Yy 
Cabbage Ye 02. *4 oz. 24-30 16-20 Y 
Cantaloupe Y oz. 2-3 |b. 50-60 36-60 1 
Carrot pes 2-3 Ib. 24-30 2-3 y, 
Cauliflower Y oz. *4 oz. 24-30 16-20 Yy 
Celery Ye, oz 4 oz. 24-42 4-5 \% 
Corn, Sweet 2EOzt 6-8 lb. 36-42 9-12 1 
Cucumber Y% oz. 1-2 Ib: 48-60 18-36 34 
Egg Plant Ye, oz. Y-Y lb. 36-48 30-36 VA 
Endive Y% oz. 2-3 Ib, 18-24 8-10 Y, 
Kale Ym oz. Y Ib. 24-36 15-24 \Y 
Kohl Rabi Y oz. Y, |b. 18-24 8 VA 
Lettuce Y% oz. 2-3 |b. 16-24 10-14 %G 
Muskmelon VY oz. 2-3 Ib. 60-70 36-60 1 
Mustard Y oz. il Wop 18-24 6-9 Y% 
Okra Y oz. 5-6 lb. 36-42 15 1 
Onion Y oz. 3-4 Ib. 15-30 3-4 % 
Parsley Vandi: 4 |b. 12-18 3-6 y 
Parsnip Vaz. 4-5 lb. 18-24 3-4 Y 
Peas Y%-1 Ib. 4-5 bu. 24-36 2 1 
Pepper Mg 02. *4 oz. 30 24-30 Yu 
Pumpkin Ye 072. 1-2 Ib. 8-10 ft 5-6 ft. 1 
Radish VY OZ. 4-6 lb. 12-15 12 l, 
Rutabaga Ye oz. A lbs. 18-24 4-8 Y% 
Spinach Y% oz. +10-15 lb. 14-24 5-6 ¥ 
Squash, Bush wy oz. 3-4 Ib. 36-48 36 1 
Squash, Vining VY oz eel. 6-8 ft 5-6 ft 1 
Swiss Chard VYivoz: 3-4 |b. 24-30 12-20 WA 
Tomato We OZ. 4 oz. 36-48 36-48 Yy 
Turnip Y oz. 2-3 Ib. 12-24 3-7 Yy 
Watermelon Vemozs 3-4 Ib. 8-10 ft. 8 ft. A 








|| The figures refer to stand of plants, not rate of seeding. — f 
t For medium soils. A little more in sandy soils, a little less in heavy soils. Moisture is also a factor. 











COATED SEEDS—THE GARDENER'S NEWEST AID 


When even the smaller seeds can be coated 
so that they are as easy tO sOW as peas, you 
save time in setting out the garden and still 
more by abolishing’ the tedious work of thin- 
ning, with its risk of disturbing the roots of 
plants left standing. Several varieties of the 
smaller seeds are now available from Asgrow 


dealers, coated with a neutral medium by the 
new Filtrol process which, in our judgment, 
gives the best results. You will find them in 
our Filcoat seed packets and we recommend 
you to try them and see for yourself how much 
easier they make your gardening in Spring. For 
the commercial grower, orders can be filled on 
a custom basis. 


What means 


lo the gardener 


In brief, it means an opportunity to raise 
vegetables of higher quality, often com- 
bined with heavier yield and greater resist- 
ance to disease, through the use of seeds 
which have been bred to that end. 


Here’s the story behind these seeds: In 
1927, three of the oldest seed growing 
firms in this country joined forces under 
the title of Associated Seed Growers, Inc. 
Their principal business has been for 
nearly a century the breeding and grow- 
ing of dependable strains of vegetable 
seeds. Although this business started, and 
now has its headquarters, in the East, most 
of the seed is grown in the West. At 
the present time, in addition to the many 
thousands of acres planted in our seed 
production, we have more than 1,000 acres 
devoted exclusively to breeding work. 


Asgrow breeding stations are operated in 
eight different sections of the country, be- 
cause work on the different vegetables 
should be done in sections where those 
vegetables can be most advantageously 
grown. Similarly, much of our work in de- 
veloping strains that will be resistant to 
disease is carried on in those sections 
where disease is causing most trouble. 


Our staff engaged in this work is com- 
posed of plant breeders and seedsmen 
thoroughly trained in the seed business, 
and this staff is directed and supervised by 


men of scientific and technical skill. Their 
first duty is the maintenance of Asgrow 
stocks of accepted varieties true to type 
and free from reversion to the more 
rugged forms of wild nature. Extended 
programs of breeding and hybridization 
are also continually in progress toward 
the introduction of desirable character- 
istics and the development of improved 
new varieties, for which we have been 
awarded 21 medals by the All-America 
Selections in the past 15 years. 


Every season, while our crops are grow- 
ing, our experienced field men keep con- 
stant watch over the purity of the stocks 
and supervise the roguing, cultivation 
and harvesting of the crops, in order to 
be sure that the care taken in developing 
the parent stocks may show to full ad- 
vantage in the seed crops. 


In the fall the crops are brought into 
our thirty-odd warehouses and fitting 
plants. These are located in the principal 
producing sections of the country—mostly 
in the West. Here the crops are milled 
and fitted for shipment, and samples are 
sent to our seed laboratories to be tested 
for vitality. 


This comprehensive program of scientific 
breeding and careful production is what 
warrants the confidence of the gardener 
and justifies the slogan 


Asgrow Seeds are bred—not just grown 





Seer creo | 


A living trade mark, at our Eastern breeding station on the famous Merritt Parkway 
in Connecticut. 





BEANS—Bush 


Plant only in warm, well-prepared soil, about 4” apart, 1Y%"—2” deep. Under hand 

cultivation and in poor soil rows may be 18-24" apart; in rich fields under horse or 

tractor cultivation, 30-36". Cultivate only before blooming and never when wet. Pick 

frequently as pods approach maturity, to get full yield. Plant a succession every two 
weeks to insure supplies throughout the season. 


Green Pods 


Asgrow Black Valentine: 50 days. The most 


popular bean for shipping and market. Plant 
vigorous and prolific; pods oval, dark green, 
stringless, and of excellent quality. 


Asgrow Stringless Green Pod (Tendergreen): 50 
days. Plant hardy and strong; pods stringless, 
fiberless, dark green, round and nearly straight. 


Bountiful: 47 days. Early market variety with 
light green, flat pods. 


Burpee’s Stringless: 50 days. Round, slightly 


curved pods of fine flavor. 


Dwart Horticultural: Used both for snap beans 
(54 days) and green shelled beans (62 days). 


Florida Belle: 59 days. Resistant to some forms 
of rust. Pods oval, straight and of good length. 


Full Measure: 53 days. Under favorable con- 
ditions a most excellent bean with plentiful 
stringless, tender, round pods. 


53 days. Large, 
stringless and brittle, 


Giant Stringless Green Pod: 
long straight pods, 
medium green. 


Plentiful: 50 days. Strong and productive plants, 
with flat pods, stringless and brittle. 


Ranger (see front cover): 56 days. Introduced 
by us in 1947, this unusual variety is widely 
praised for yield and quality. Plants spreading, 
with half runners on which pods are borne later 
than the heavy center set. Pods silvery green, 
of very fine quality whether used fresh, frozen, 
canned or for dry beans. Seeds white and small. 


Wax 


Brittle Wax (Round Pod Kidney Wax): 53 days. 
Handsome round pods of fine quality. 


Cherokee: 5() days. A new, attractive variety 
similar to Asgrow Black Valentine except for 
the golden wax color of the pods. The most 
prolific wax-podded variety, equal in yield to 
the best green-podded types. 





Asgrow Black Valentine: 
the leading shipping variety 


Red Valentine, Stringless: 54 days. Pods slight- 
ly shorter and more curved than Red Valentine. 


Rival: 50 days. Plant vigorous, highly tolerant 
to common bean mosaic. Pods yellowish green, 
slightly creasebacked, straight and smooth. 


Tenderlong: 48 days. A new Asgrow variety 
resistant to mosaic; early, hardy and _ heavy 
yielding. Pods long, round, shapely, dark green, 
stringless and of extra quality. 


Tennessee Green Pod: 5(0 days. Of fine flavor 
though not stringless. Pods large, broad, flat. 


Topcrop: 5() days. A new introduction by the 
U.S.D.A., resistant to mosaic; very prolific. Pods 
round, very straight and stringless. 


Pods 


Pencil Pod: 55 days. Pods golden yellow, round, 
creasebacked, fleshy, brittle, stringless. 


Sure Crop: 53 days. Thick-flat, golden yellow 
pods, stringless, brittle and well flavored. 


Top Notch: 51 days. Straight, thick-flat, string- 
less, creamy yellow pods. 


BEANS—Pole 


Plant a little later than dwarf beans when the ground is warmer. Poles 7-8 ft. above 

ground should be about 4 ft. apart. Three or four poles may be pulled together at the 

top and tied, for rigidity. Round each pole set 6 beans 114” deep, thinning to 4 per 

pole later. Pole beans repay this work by heavier yields and longer picking seasons 

than bush beans. Allow about 1 lb. per 100 poles; 30-40 lb. per acre, depending on 
the size of the seed. 


Blue Lake: 64 days. Popular for canning and 
freezing because of its neat, straight, almost 
round, dark green pods. A stringless strain has 
been developed by our Pacific Coast breeding 
station. 


Kentucky Wonder: 65 days. The Asgrow strain 
represents a thoroughbred development of this 
old favorite. Plants tall and prolific; pods in 
clusters, long, curved, round, fiberless and 
brittle. 


Kentucky Wonder Wax: 68 days. The standard 
wax pole bean. Flat pods, nearly stringless. 


London Horticultural (Speckled Cranberry): 70 
days. Medium-sized pods, dark green when 
young, stringless, slightly curved. 


McCaslan: 65 days. Widely grown throughout 
the South. Large, thick-flat, green pods, string- 
less when young, and of good flavor. 


Missouri Wonder: 66 days. Used when young 
for snaps; later as dry shell beans. Pods shorter, 
broader and flatter than Kentucky Wonder. 


Potomac: 66 days. A strong climber, bearing 
a heavy crop of very trim, dark green pods of 
medium size, practically round and _ straight, 
entirely stringless and of fine eating quality. 


Striped Creaseback (Genuine Cornfield): 72 
days. Round, straight, creasebacked pods, green 
at picking stage; of good quality, though with 
slight string. 





LIMA BEANS 


While the culture of Lima beans is in general the same as that of green and wax podded 
beans, they require a rich soil and must not be planted until soil is thoroughly warmed. 


Bush Varieties 


Baby Potato: 72 days. All-America Silver Medal. 
Plant similar to Henderson’s Bush but more 
prolific; seeds small but plump, bright green 
when fresh and of Fordhook flavor. 


Burpee’s: 77 days. A large-seeded variety with 
3 to 4 broad, flat beans to the pod. 


Burpee’s Improved: 75 days. Larger and more 
prolific than Burpee’s; beans average 4 per pod. 


Clark’s Bush: 67 days. An attractive Asgrow 
variety, similar to Henderson’s Bush but with 
the notable difference that the beans are of pleas- 
ing green color and very free from whites. 


Fordhook, Asgrow Concentrated: 71. days. 
Plants stocky and prolific; pods concentrated for 
position and time of maturity, each with 3 to 
5 large oval beans of rich flavor and high food 
value. 


Fordhook 242: 75 days. Of Fordhook type es- 
pecially bred by the U.S.D.A. to set pods and 
produce a crop in hot weather. 


Henderson’s Bush: 65 days. A Baby Lima, 
known in the South as Butter Bean. Pods con- 


4 


tain 3 to 4 small beans, pale green when young. 


Jackson Wonder: 65 days. An old Southern 
favorite. Flat pods have 3 to 4 mottled beans. 


Pole Varieties 


Giant Butter Speckled: 90 days. Stands up well 
in summer weather. Beans buff, spotted brown- 
ish red. Pods in clusters, 4 or 5 seeds per pod. 


King of the Garden: 88 days. A general fa- 
vorite for its hardiness and vigor, Produces a 


heavy yield of pods containing 4 or 5 large, 
oval, greenish white beans. 

Sieva: 77 days. Also known as Small White, 
in reference to the beans, but the plants are 
tall and prolific. Pods have 3 to 4 beans of ex- 
cellent table quality. 


Se 


BEET 


While beets will flourish in any reasonably good soil that is not acid, provided it is 
properly fertilized and cultivated, they do best in deep sandy loam. The soil should 
be well worked first and if smooth roots are wanted, fresh manure must not be used. 
Sow about 12 seeds per foot Y2" deep m drills 18’ apart, rolling the earth after 
planting. Plants should be thinned out to 3” or 4" apart; this may be done when 
they are 2” high or they may be left until they reach 6” when those lifted can be 
used for greens. To have supplies through the season, plant in succession every 10 
days or so. Beets are at their best when about 2” in diameter. 


Asgrow Canner: 65 days. All-America Silver 
Medal, 1936. Bred primarily for home and com- 
mercial canning, but also widely used as a 


Asgrow Wonder: 57 days. All-America Gold 
Medal, 1934. Recognized by this award as a 
variety of supreme excellence, its performance 


table beet because of its very deep, attractive 
color and superior quality. Smooth, globe shaped 
roots, with small neck. Tops medium and erect. 


for market growers and shippers since then has 
confirmed it in a position of leadership. Deepest 
red all through, semi-flat with rounded bottom, 


large, extra flavor and quality, smooth skin, 15” 
tops for good bunching. Unsurpassed in earli- 
ness, uniformity, and in depth of interior color. 


Crosby’s Egyptian: 60 days. A standard early 
variety, very popular with market gardeners, as 
the tops bunch well and it makes a good ap- 
pearance with dark red, flat-globe shaped roots. 


Detroit Dark Red: 68 days. A leading main 
crop sort and seen at its finest in the pure-bred 
Asgrow strain. Tops small and erect, dark green 
tinged with red. Roots globular, uniform, at- 
tractive, with deep red flesh. 


Early Blood Turnip: 68 days. An old-time fa- 
vorite. Tops medium and rather bushy. Its name 
indicates shape and color of roots. A good 
keeper. 


Early Flat Red Egyptian: 54 days. Used in 
the North for forcing and transplanting from 
hotbeds to catch the early markets. 





Perfected Detroit: 70 days. A very popular 
variety both for market gardens and canning; 
roots globular, flesh dark red, of good quality. 


Asgrow Wonder 





SWISS CHARD (Leaf Beet) 


A beet that 1s grown for its leaves and chards, or stalks, but not its roots. An excellent 
vegetable for the home garden, as when the outer leaves are picked the others continue 
to grow, assuring a supply of tasteful greens throughout the summer and fall. The ribs 
may be served creamed like asparagus, the leafy part like spinach. Thin to 12” apart. 


Fordhook Giant: 
crumpled, dark green; 
white. 


Lucullus: The most popular sort. Erect and 
vigorous, with stout, white stalks and large, 
crumpled, bright yellowish green leaves. 


Tall, sturdy; leaves heavily 
stems broad, thick, 














BROCCOLI 


A delicious table vegetable, increasing greatly in popularity. Cultivate as for cabbage. 


De Cicco: 80 days: A second early 
type. Head large, somewhat loose, 
followed by many shoots. 


Early Green Sprouting (Calabrese): /7() 
days from setting of plants. The plant 
first produces an attractive, compact 
head of bluish green. After this main 
head has been cut, side shoots develop 
with small heads. 


Medium Green Sprouting: 95 days. 
Adapted to the Pacific Coast and South- 
west. Taller plant forms large, compact, 
well colored head. 


Broccoli Rab (Italian Turnip): See p. 24. 








CAULIFLOWER 


The cauliflower is a member of the Cabbage family and should be similarly cultivated. 
Allow about 60 days from setting out plants to picking. To blanch the head; the outer 
leaves should be loosely gathered round it and tied. 


Snowball (Snowdrift): The best and most widely Super-Snowball: Preferred for the main crop 
used variety. Dwarf plants with medium, solid by many market growers. Medium large, well- 
pure white heads of the finest quality. shaped heads, blanching white and clean. 





CHINESE CABBAGE 
PE-TSAI 


Also known as Celery Cabbage, though it 13 

not a true cabbage and grows more like a cos 

lettuce. It matures in 70-80 days and plant- 

ing should be timed to avoid heading during 

hot weather, in which it bolts to seed. Dif- 

ficult to transplant. Thin to 12”—-16” in rows. 
Tie up the outer leaves to blanch. 


Chihli: The tall early variety, standing 18”-20” x 
314” at base; somewhat tapered at tip, solid, sweet 
and tender. 


Wong Bok: Shorter and stouter than Chihli; 8”-9” 
in diameter and 11”-12” high. This variety is pop- 
: ular in the South where it is often known simply 
Chinese Cabbage, Chihli as Pe-tsai. 





CABBAGE 


The earliest cabbages are started under glass and transplanted when 4’-6" high, 

into rows 2-21ft. apart with 18” between plants. Later, larger sorts need a Uittle 

more room. Each ounce of seed should produce about 3,000 plants and an acre of 
cabbage will contain 12,000-15,000 plants. 


Days given below are from setting of plants to marketable heads. 


Yellows-resistant Varieties 


Essential to the grower in yellows-infested areas. 


Cabbage yellows or wilt is a serious disease which makes the plants turn yellowish, wilt and curl 
up. It is caused by a fungus in the soil and there is no known remedy once the plants have become 
infected. Where the disease exists, only yellows-resistant varieties should be planted. 


All Seasons (Succession): 88 days. A very de- 
pendable cropper. Heads large, become solid 
early. 


Marion Market: 79 days. Developed from Co- 
penhagen Market but with slightly larger, round, 
firm heads. Valuable for early kraut. 


- Resistant Golden Acre: 65 days. A resistant 
strain of the well-known extra early variety. 
Wisconsin Hollander: 105 days. Similar to 


Danish Balk Head. Large, firm, flattened globe- 
shaped heads. Very hardy and a good keeper. 


Standard Varieties 


Charleston Wakefield: 74 days. A heavy yield- 
ing, conical-headed sort largely used in South- 
ern planting for shipment to Northern markets. 
Larger than Jersey Wakefield. 


Copenhagen Market: 69 days. An excellent 
early variety for shipping or kraut. Heads round 
and solid, 314-4 lb. weight; of superior quality. 





Danish Ball Fed 


Danish Ball Head (Hollander): 1()3 days. The 
leading variety for kraut, storage or shipping. 
Head deep, round, very hard; interior compact. 


Early Round Dutch: 71 days. Heads nearly 
round, deep, solid. Plants small, stem short. 





Marion Market 


Glory of Enkhuizen: 77 days. Large, round, 
solid heads, few outer leaves, of excellent quality. 


Golden Acre: 64 days. Outstanding for the 
earliest markets of the season. Similar to Copen- 
hagen Market but somewhat smaller and earlier. 


Green Acre: 66 days. A selected strain of 
Golden Acre; holds its fine color well. Valued 
for shipping. 


Jersey Wakefield: 63 days. Popular for the 
earliest markets. Heads cone-shaped, small, 
compact; inside white, crisp and tender; about 
21% |b. 


Mammoth Red Rock: 100 days. Large, round, 
solid heads of purple-red color. A good keeper. 


Premium Late Flat Dutch (Drumhead): 100 days. 
A big, solid, late variety of great popularity 
because of its heavy yield and quality. 


Savoy, Perfection Drumhead: 9( days. Prte- 
ferred by cabbage connoisseurs. Crinkled dark 
leaves, solid round heads, of high quality and 
flavor. 


Stein’s Flat Dutch: 90 days. A medium early, 
heavy producer: of large, solid, somewhat flat- 
tened heads. Used chiefly for the fall crop. 








CANTALOUPE and MUSKMELON 


Muskmelons are the older type; large, heavily ribbed and adapted only to road stands 
and nearby markets. Cantaloupes are smaller but with firmer, finer grained flesh, smaller 
seed cavities, less ribbed and more netted, of better quality and adapted for shipping. 
Plant 6 or 8 seeds in hills about 6 ft. by © ft., or drill in rows, 4-5 ft. apart when the 


soil 1s warmed. Thin out to 2 or 3 plants per hill when grown to 4 


tr 





Hearts of Gold 


Delicious 


Orange- or Salmon-fleshed 


Banana: 90 days. 314-4 lb. Shaped like a 
huge banana. Very fragrant, salmon-tinted flesh. 


Delicious: 83 days. An improved strain of 
Bender’s Surprise. Earlier, slightly smaller, but 
thick-fleshed and of excellent quality. 


Hale’s Best No. 36: 80 days. This improved 
strain has almost entirely replaced the older 
Hale’s Best. A popular shipping cantaloupe, 
heavily netted, oval, sweet, of very fine quality. 


Hale’s Best Jumbo Strain: A larger strain, pre- 
ferred by some shippers for its size. 


Hearts of Gold: 90 days. Fruits about 5” diam- 
eter and 2 Ib. weight. Distinctly ribbed. Juicy, 
sweet and aromatic. 





The Asgrow strain of Hale's Best No; 36 





Honey Rock (Sugar Rock): 81 days. Nearly 
round, about 514” diameter and 4 Ib. weight. 
Thick, juicy, orange-salmon flesh. Grown for 
nearby markets or home use. 


No. 45: 85 days. Extensively grown for resist- 
ance to powdery mildew. Similar to Hale’s Best 
but faintly ribbed. A good shipper. 


Pride of Wisconsin (Queen of Colorado): 90 
days. A cross between Honey Rock and Hearts 


of Gold. Flesh sweet and of fine flavor. Fruits 
33% Ib: 


Tip Top: 90 days. An excellent melon for 
home or local market. Large, 6-7 lb. weight, 
ribbed; flesh bright salmon, sweet and spicy. 


Green-fleshed 


Honey Dew: 115 days. A big, round, smooth 
melon of distinctive flavor, for warm climates 
only. 


Rocky Ford (Netted Gem): 92 days. Strong, 
prolific vines; melons nearly round, about 5” 
diameter; neatly ribless. Flesh sweet, green, 
juicy, spicy, and of good quality. 





CARROT 


A light deep soil is best, preferably fertilized the previous season, otherwise enriched 
with old manure; new manure and lack of cultivation lead to split and crooked roots. 
Sow a succession of plantings in rows 14” or more apart, thinning out later to 2-3” 
between plants. Allow one-quarter ounce of seed for 200 ft. of row; 3 lb. for an acre. 


Chantenay: 72 days. An all-purpose variety, shorter and 
thicker than Imperator, 5”-6” long, blunt-ended, deep orange 
with indistinct core. 


Imperator: 77 days. All-America Silver Medal, 1933. Tops 
medium, just right for bunching. Roots have rounded shoulders 
and taper uniformly to a semi-blunt end, 7”-8” long, rich 
orange in section, with indistinct core; fine grained, tender, 
sweet and of excellent quality. 


Long Orange: 88 days. Large and productive; for table or 
stock. 


Nancy: 70 days. An Asgrow introduction bred to provide 
a variety intermediate between Nantes and Chantenay. Roots 
larger at shoulder than Nantes, tapering slightly to blunt end; 
pes short, strongly attached. Flesh deep red-orange, crisp, 
tender. 





Imperator 


Nantes: 70 days. A deservedly popular variety, of trim, 
cylindrical shape, with small tops. Crisp, tender and of 
delicate flavor. Unsurpassed for the home garden. 


Oxheart: 72 days. Stocky, blunt, rather coarse roots, used 
chiefly for stock feed. 


Red Core Chantenay: 72 days. Somewhat shorter than 
Chantenay. Reddish orange flesh with faint core. Strong tops. 
Very desirable for either market or canning. 


Red Core Danvers: 75 days. Our selected long strain, well 
received where uniform color is desired. Broad shoulder 
tapering gently to blunt point. Of fine quality. 





Nancy 





A large field of Imperator carrot 





CELERY 


Celery is usually begun in cold frames as the seedlings do not thrive in temperatures 
below 45°. A well-pulverized and fertilized seed bed is essential, kept moist but not wet. 
Sow in rows 4" apart, allowing one level teaspoonful of seed to 6 ft. of row and dust 
over with finely sifted soil mixed with a little zinc oxide to prevent damping off. When 
seedlings are well started thin out to 3” apart and when 6” high transplant to a rich 
field, setting in double rows 3-31 ft. apart with 8” between double rows and 4°—5” 
between plants. Blanching 1s then usually done by boards or heavy paper strips placed 
on either side of the rows. Where soil is used for blanching, the crop is set im single 
rows somewhat wider apart. 


Golden Self-Blanching—crisp and brittle 





Giant Pascal: Good for fall and winter storage; 
stalks long, broad, with nutty flavor and dark 
green foliage. 


Golden Plume (Wonderful): Resembles Golden 
Self-Blanching but is earlier and larger. Shows 
considerable resistance to blight and rust. Com- 
pact, thick hearts, of excellent flavor. 


Golden Self-Blanching: A popular variety for 
market garden or home. Medium tall, compact, 
with thick, crisp, brittle stalks that blanch easily 
and golden yellow foliage. 


Utah: A green-stemmed variety. Stocky, full 
hearted and compact. Stems thick, broad, well 
rounded, of fine nutty flavor and quality. 


Celery seed requires great care in production 
to avoid green or hollow-stemmed hearts and 
early seeding plants. As the best seed costs so 


little in proportion to the total expenses of 
the crop, the grower should insist on the 
highest quality. 








COLLARD 


Georgia: The old standard variety. Plant to 3 ft. tall, vigorous, tolerant of adverse conditions 


of weather and soil. 


10 





SWEET CORN 


The great advances in vegetable quality, disease- 
resistance and yielding power made possible in 
recent years by the new science of genetics are 
nowhere better seen than in corn. The greatest 
triumph of corn-breeding is in the development, 
through inbreeding and crossing, of hybrids 
which accentuate the best features of both their 
parents and have amazing strength, uniformity 
and yielding power. So successful have these 


new hybrids proven that the demand for seed 
has Jed to supplies which are sometimes of 
doubtful or unknown origin. With his crop at 
stake, the grower should make sure, before 
planting hybrid seed, that it was produced by 
breeders who have skill and experience in this 
wotk and whose hybrid stocks have demon- 
strated their value and local adaptability. 


Corn should be planted only in warm, well worked soil, either in rows or groups, 

commonly known as hills, because it was formerly the practice to hoe up earth 

around the stalks. If planted in rows, the rows should be 3-31 ft. apart, depending 

on the size of the variety, planted 4 or 5 seeds per foot, and thinned out later to 

9”-12” apart. If planted in hills, the hills should be about 3 feet apart, sown with 5 

or © seeds, to be thinned out to 3 or 4 plants per hill. To insure good pollination and 
well filled ears, do not plant a single row, but several short ones. 


Hybrids 


Calumet (No. 57): 86 days. A recent Asgrow 
introduction, widely adapted. Plant vigorous, 
relatively drought-resistant, almost suckerless. 
Ears 814” long, slender, cylindrical, well filled 
to tip, mainly 12-14 rowed. Very uniform in 
maturing, high yielding, and suitable for mech- 
anical harvesting. 


Carmelcross: 79 days. A second early hybrid. 
Vigorous and heavy yielding in comparison to 
its earliness. Medium sized, gently tapering ears, 
with 12-14 rows of yellow kernels. 


Country Gentleman 8 x 6: 99 days. A drought- 
resistant hybrid for the Midwest. Ears large, 
with fine white kernels set irregularly. 


Erie: 88 days. An Asgrow hybrid, having cyl- 
indrical ears slightly tapered, 9” long, mainly 
12-14 rowed. Plants wilt resistant and vigorous, 
6” taller than Golden Cross Bantam. 


Golden Cross Bantam: 85 days. The _ best 
known and most adaptable yellow hybrid. Very 
sturdy and reliable, showing high resistance to 
bacterial wilt (Stewart's disease). Ears 8” long, 
10-14 rows, of top quality. 


Golden Hybrid No. 2439: 87 days. An excep- 
tionally fine hybrid in eastern and far western 
states especially. Strong and prolific plants, with 
large, 14-16 rowed ears having long husks. 





Calumet 


Golden Cross Bantam 


Oto: Erte 


Huron Pawnee 





Hybrids (continued) 


Huron: 89 days: New Asgrow hybrid, showing 
unusual resistance to heat and drought. Ears 
12-16 rowed, deeper and narrower than Golden 
Cross Bantam, and lighter in color. Yield is 
higher, in both gross weight and husked corn. 


Ioana: 87 days. All-America Bronze Medal. 
An attractive variety, very resistant to drought 
and wilt; ears 8” long, 12-14 rows of light yel- 
low kernels. 


Marcross C13.6: 76 days. A very good type 
for the first corn of the season. Thrifty plants, 
resistant to wilt. Ears are medium large, 10-14 
rowed and of creamy yellow color. 


Oto: 87 days. A long eared, wilt resistant 
Asgrow hybrid. Ears 8-12 rowed with unusual- 
ly small cob and excellent husk coverage. Plant 
very vigorous, relatively drought-resistant, 14” 
taller than Golden Cross Bantam. 


Pawnee: 88 days. Developed to produce high 
yields even under conditions of heat and drought. 
Ears 814” long, cylindrical, with 14-16 rows 
of sweet, tender kernels, narrower and deeper 
than Golden Cross Bantam. 


Peoria (No. 66): 94 days. A high quality, late 
hybrid recently developed by us. Plant tall, 
vigorous, almost suckerless. Ears 814” long, 
12-16 rowed, with very white, tender kernels: 
has consistently shown low ear worm damage. 
Exceptionally high yielding. 


Spancross C13.3: 70 days. Good for the early 
markets. Medium sized ears with 10-12 rows of 
golden yellow kernels. 


Stowell’s Evergreen 14 x 5: 93 days. All-Amer- 
ica Bronze Medal. A very valuable hybrid with 
large uniform white ears 9”’-10” long, 16-18 
rowed, excellent in appearance and quality. 


Tendergold (Top Cross Sunshine): 83 days. A 
good second early yellow sort for the market 
gardener. Ears 12-16 rowed; kernels yellow, 
medium and of fine quality. 


E = 11 


Open Pollinated—Yellow 


Bantam Evergreen: 95 days. Large 14-18 rowed 
ears of rich golden yellow. 


Golden Bantam: 79 days. The old-time favorite. 
Medium ears with 8 rows of broad, tender ker- 
nels exceptional in flavor. 


Golden Early Market: 72 days. Ears medium 
size, 8-12 rowed, with medium broad kernels. 


Golden Sunshine: 74 days. Medium sized ears 
with tender golden yellow kernels. 


Improved Golden Bantam 10-14 rowed: 82 days. 
Our development from Golden Bantam; ears 
larger and kernels remain tender a few days 
longer. 


Whipple’s Early Yellow: 87 days. Medium large 
ears, 12-14 rowed, strong husks, well filled to 
tips. 


Open Pollinated—White 


Adams’ Early: 72 days. A standard hardy va- 
riety of early roasting ear corn. 


Adams’ Extra Early Dwarf: 66 days. Earlier, 


smaller form of Adams’ Early. 


Adams’ Large Improved: 74 days. Largely used 
in the South for roasting ears. 


Clark’s Early Evergreen: 90 days. Asgrow ofig- 
inated over 50 years ago, still popular for its 
large ears with 16-20 rows of deep, ivory-white, 
sweet kernels. 


Country Gentleman: 95 days. Ears with white 
kernels set irregularly, not in rows. 


Early Surprise: 72 days. Asgrow originated. A 
good first early, white sweet corn, 8-12 rows. 


Stowell’s Evergreen: 95 days. A large main- 
crop variety. Ears large and long, 16-20 rowed, 
clear, deep, sweet, tender kernels. 


Trucker’s Favorite: 77 days. Extensively planted 
by Southern growers. A heavy yielder with 
12-16 rows of kernels. 





POP CORN 2A A 


Hulless: 85 days. A dwarf white sort of very 
high popping test, huskless and tender. Often 


miscalled Japanese. 

Minhybrid 250: 90 days. An improvement on 
Hulless of about 15% per acre and increased 
popping quality. 


Purdue Hybrid No. 31: 95 days. Ears usually 
at least two per stalk. Kernels high in quality 
and popping expansion. 

South American Giant: 100 days. Strong and 
hardy plants with large, 12-16 rowed golden 
ears. Kernels pop big and creamy. 


White Rice: 90 days. The old favorite variety. 


12 ee 





ee 


CUCUMBER 


Usually planted in hills 4-5 ft. apart; 6 or 8 seeds per hill, thinned out to 3 or 4 plants 

when grown to 6” or 8”. The hill method of planting allows early cultivation in both 

directions, but many growers prefer drills spaced 4-5 ft. apart, with the plants 18-36” 

apart. The hills should be prepared with well-rotted manure before planting—which, 

for the main crop, may be done as soon as all danger of frost is over. Pickling sorts 

are planted 6 or 8 weeks later. Fruits should be removed when they reach the picking 
stage; if left to ripen on the vines the yield will be decreased. 


The letters w.s. in the following list indicate the white spines which characterize most of the slicing 
cucumbers; pickling varieties are usually black spined as indicated by the letters b.s. 





Model: for well-colored, 
well-shaped pickles 


A & C, ws: 65 days. A long variety which 
is popular on account of its excellent exterior 
color, fine slicing texture and shipping quality. 


Chicago Pickling, b.s.: 59 days. An old favorite 
and one of the best for pickling or slicing. 
Medium green. Very prolific. 


Clark’s Special, w.s.: 63 days. All-America 
Silver Medal, 1933. Handsome, dark green, 
slightly tapered at both ends; flesh crisp and 
firm. Holds its quality well when shipped. 


Colorado, w.s.: 65 days. Distinguished by its 
attractive deep green color, length and smooth 
cylindrical shape. Shows very little striping at 
blossom end. 


Cubit, w.s.: 60 days. All-America Bronze 
Medal, 1944. Handsome long, cylindrical fruits 
of dark green exterior, crisp, white flesh and 
small seed area. Excellent for home or shipping. 


Gherkin (Bur or West India), b.s.: 60 days. Not 
a true cucumber, For small, oval pickles, 


Improved Long Green, b.s.: 70 days. A stand- 
ard large variety for the home garden; very pro- 
lific, and hardy; deep green, white crisp flesh. 


Marketer, w.s.: 65 days. All-America Bronze 
Medal, 1943. Early and very prolific, greatly 
admired for its uniformity and rich dark green 
color down to blossom end. Fruits of medium 
size, slightly tapered to each end, very trim. It 
is now probably the most popular variety of 
all. Use only the originator’s, Asgrow, strain. 


Model, ws.: 56 days. A new pickling variety 
developed by us. Shape and size similar to Na- 
tional Association Pickling, but color a darker 
green. Trim in appearance and uniform. 


National Association Pickling, b.s.: 56 days. 
Originally bred to meet specifications of the 
National Pickle Packers Association. A most 
desirable strain has been produced by Asgrow: 
dark green, symmetrical and nearly square- 


ended. 


Snow’s Perfection Pickling, b.s. 56 days. Some- 
what smaller than Chicago Pickling. Square- 
ended. 


Straight-8, w.s.: 60 days. Cylindrical and straight; 
8” long. Medium green, attractive. 





Marketer—Early, very prolific and neat 


13 





EGG PLANT 


The egg plant is a warm climate vegetable but can be raised wherever corn and tomatoes 

do well. It requires loose, fertile soil and will not thrive in clay. Sow in hotbed or 

flats and transplant with least posstble disturbance of the roots, when 3” high, setting 
24-3 ft. apart, in rows 3-4 ft. apart. 


Black Beauty: 80 days from transplanting. Plant 
24” to 30” with 4-6 large, purplish black fruits, 
2-3 lb., which hold their color and quality well 
after picking. 


Florida High Bush: 85 days. Upstanding and 
vigorous. Long, dark purple fruits. Highly re- 
sistant to drought and blight. 


New York Spineless: 83 days. Fruits a little 
later and larger than Black Beauty. 








KOHL RABI 


A member of the cabbage family and 
cultivated similarly. The edible part is the 
bulb which grows above ground; some- 
thing like a turnip but much more tender 
and sweet, eaten when 2-214" diameter. 
Remove the outer skin before boiling. 
Begin planting early and sow every 2 
weeks until hot weather. 


Purple Vienna: 62 days. Bulb interior light 
greenish white and tender; exterior purple, with 
purple-tinged foliage. 


White Vienna: 55 days. Light green bulbs 
with white flesh. A favorite home and market 
garden sort—especially for forcing in the hotbed. 


ENDIVE 


The conditions for growth of endive and 
lettuce are much the same and, as with all 
salad crops, rapid growth is necessary for 
crisp tender leaves. The rows should be 
18” apart and plants thinned out to 
about 8, Allow Ye ounce to 100 ft. 


Full Heart: 71 days. The inside leaves, curly 
crisp and tender, blanch to a creamy white. A 


piquant addition to salads or soups. Shown at 
left. 


Ruffec: 76 days. A large late very curly sort 
with heavy, tender white mid-ribs. 16”-18” in 
diameter. 


White Curled: 73 days. Smaller plants with 


well curled leaves of fine flavor. 





1 ea Cen) 


KALE 


A non-heading and hardier member of the cabbage family, similarly cultivated. 
Extensively grown, especially in the South, for fall, winter and spring greens. 


Dwarf Blue Scotch: 55 days. Similar to follow- 
ing sort but blue-green in color. Used both as a 
vegetable and an ornamental. 


Dwarf Green Scotch: 55 days. The pedigreed 
Asgrow strain is one of the most handsome 
plants of the vegetable garden with its wide- 
spread plume-like, dark green leaves, exception- 
ally finely curled and frilled to meet the require- 
ments of top-grade markets. 


Dwarf Siberian (Sprouts): 65 days. Large, vigor- 
ous spreading plants. Leaves frilled at edges, 
deep bluish green in color. 





Tall Green Scotch: 60 days. Leaves similar to 
Dwarf Scotch, but about 3 ft. high, borne well 
above ground. 





Dwarf Green iseavee Kale 





LEEK 


Used in soups, stews and salads or creamed. Sow early in rows 16” apart, thinning the 
plants later to 4’—-6" apart. When cultivating, draw the soil up around the plants. 


Giant Carentan: Stalks 2”-3” diameter, white, Large American Flag: Early and very popular. 
tender, mild flavored. For fall and early winter. Long, thick, white stems. 





MUSTARD 


Sow, as soon as the ground can be worked, 

a short row, and repeat in two weeks; may 

also be grown im fall. Leaves are usually 
large enough for cutting in 30 days. 


Chinese Broad Leaf: Vigorous plants, smooth 
leaves with saw-toothed edges. 


Florida Broad Leaf: Large, upright plants. 
Bright green, smooth, thick leaves. 


Fordhook Fancy: An excellent variety for salads, 
with bright green, plumelike leaves. 


Southern Giant Curled: The most popular sort 
for greens and used widely in the South. Light 
green leaves curled and crinkled at edges. 





Tendergreen (Mustard Spinach): Plants vigorous a : 
and hardy, withstanding well both cold and heat: Fordhook Fancy Mustard 


the long oval, medium green leaves, ready for Leaves: Left—Tendergreen 
cutting in 3 to 4 weeks, resemble in taste a Center—Florida Broad Leaf 


mild mustard with a creamy spinach flavor. Right—Southern Giant Curled 


15 





an 


LETTUCE 


Lettuce does not stand hot weather well but is not harmed by mild frosts; the earliest 
sorts can therefore be transplanted from cold frames to the rows, after hardening by 


gradual exposure, in the first weeks of spring and the later sorts sown V4" 


deep in 


the open then. Rich and well-prepared soil is advisable as the plants must be grown 
quickly. Moisture and thorough cultivation are also required. Allow VY oz. per 100 ft. 
of row; 3 lb. per acre. 


Heading 


Big Boston (Trocadero): 75 days. Very pop- 
ular; an excellent butter-head type. Medium 
size, compact head with creamy yellow center, 
leaves tinged with bronze. 


Great Lakes: 83 days. A dependable heading 
variety for summer production. Leaves large, 
thick and well folded; slow bolting. 

Hanson (Nonpareil): 80 ‘days. Large, hardy 
sort for fall and early markets. 


Iceberg: 84 days. Not the shipping variety, but 
an excellent large lettuce for home gardeners 
and local markets. Heads solid light green and 
blanched by the inward-curving outer leaves. 


Of the New York 
resistant 


Imperial No. 44: 82 days. 
type, with solid, firm, medium heads; 
to tip burn. For the East and Southeast. 


Imperial No. 615: 86 days. Large medium dark 
green heads used for fall and winter cropping 
in California. 


Imperial No. 847: 84 days. Developed for 
summer planting. Vigorous and blight-resistant, 
producing medium large firm heads of the New 
York type. 


White Boston: 76 days. Smooth, light green 
leaves; heart buttery and yellow. 





Big Boston 





Simpson’s Early Curled: 
the favorite for home gardens 


Loose-Leaved 


Grand Rapids: 43 days. Popular for forcing 
and early planting; handsome, hardy and vig- 
orous. Large, light green, frilled leaves. 


Prize Head: 47 days. A fine old favorite; bronze 
tinted, crumpled leaves; stands long before go- 
ing to seed. 


46 days. Yellowish green 
Seeds black. 


The standard 


Simpson’s Curled: 
leaves, crisp and tender. 


Simpson’s Early Curled: 45 days. 
home garden sort; hardy and early. 


Slobolt: 43 days. Very similar to Grand Rapids 
in type and general appearance but slower in 
bolting to seed in warm weather. 


Cos or Romaine 


Dark Green Cos: 66 days. Medium large, with 
slightly crumpled deep green leaves, well folded 
over to cover the head. 


White Paris Cos (Trianon): 66 days. The favorite 
cos or romaine lettuce. Upright and solid; light 
green, crisp and sweet. 


16 





OKRA 


Popular in the South and becoming more widely used in the North. Plant when soil 
is warm. Of easy culture; the tall varieties with their handsome blossoms make a 
good garden screen. 


Clemson Spineless: 55 days. All-America Silver 
Medal, 1939. A handsome smooth, very uni- 
form variety; rich green angular pods. 


Green Velvet: 58 days. Tall, early and prolific, 
with long, slender pods, spineless, round and 
ribless. 


Perkins’ Spineless: 50 days. Popular for its ex- 
cellent pods and for its adaptability. Dwarf, 
spreading plants with abundant pods, very long, 
slender, bright green and 5-angled. 


White Velvet: 58 days. Early and prolific, pods 
pale greenish white, long, smooth and round. 
A favorite in the home garden. 





ONION 


The onion is a heavy feeder and, for well-shaped, fully developed bulbs, demands a 
rich and finely worked soul. It is a hardy plant and seed may be sown early in rows 
15” apart. Thin out the seedlings to 3-4” and cultivate frequently to keep down weeds. 





Ebenezer 


Babosa: 95 days. A distinctive variety for fall 
seeding in California and Texas. Large bulbs 
with straw-colored skin and white flesh of mild 
and pleasing flavor. White Babosa is very simi- 
lar but with clear white skin, 


Brigham Yellow Globe: 109 days. A hardy late 
sort, valued for its superior keeping qualities. 
Globe-shaped and solid; creamy white flesh, fine- 
grained and of mild flavor. 


Bunching: Grown for its long, white stems or 
scallions; does not form bulbs. 


Crystal Wax: 93 days. An early variety pop- 
ular in the South for shipment to northern 
markets. Attractive bulbs of medium size, flat, 
clear white and of mild flavor. 


Early Yellow Globe: 98 days. The earliest yel- 
low globe, yet productive and a good keeper. 
Earliness minimizes thrips’ damage. 


Ebenezer: 100 days. Much used for producing 
sets to plant for early onions. Thick, flat, thick- 
skinned and very firm. 


Red Wethersfield: 100 days. A thick, flat vari- 
ety with purplish red skin and firm, white flesh. 


San Joaquin: 93 days. Bulb large, semi-globe 
shape; skin straw-yellow. Highly non-bolting 
and relatively early. 


White Portugal (Silverskin): 100 days. A most 
popular and serviceable variety. Medium sized, 
thick-flat bulbs; firm and white. A dependable 
cropper and keeper. May be planted late to get 
pickles in fall. 





White Sweet Spanish: 110 days. The largest of 
the white onions; similar to Yellow Spanish ex- 
cept in color gf skin, but not quite so good a 
keeper. 


Yellow Bermuda: 93 days. Similar to Crystal 
Wax but with straw-colored skin and nearly 
white flesh. 


Yellow Globe Danvers: 110 days. Deservedly 
popular. Hardy and reliable. Medium large 
bulbs with small neck. Skin yellow, flesh solid, 
mild and white. 


Yellow Sweet Spanish: 110 days. Skin is 
golden yellow but flesh is white, crisp and mild. 
A very large, globe-shaped onion, excellent for 
shipping or storage. 


HYBRID ONIONS 


Entirely new in the vegetable field are 
hybrid onions, offering the advantages of 
(1) adapting desirable types to certain 
areas where hitherto they did not grow 
satisfactorily; (2) higher yields of high 
quality bulbs; (3) greater uniformity in 
size, shape and color . 
An extensive program is being carried on by 
the Asgrow Department of Breeding and Re- 
search from which seed of certain hybrid onions 
is already available. Each is known by the 
word Asgrow followed by Y, W or R, denoting 
yellow, white or red, and the individual number. 
Thus Asgrow Y40 is a mild sweet type like 
Early Yellow Globe but about 10 days earlier. 
Ask your dealer for Asgrow hybrid onion seed. 





PARSLEY 


The seed is slow im germinating and 
should be sown early, in rows 12-18” 
apart. Thin to 3-6” apart. 


Moss Curled: Its very dark green leaves are so 
finely crimped and curled that it looks almost 
like moss. 


Multicurl: A new Asgrow variety of very attrac- 
tive appearance and quality with bright green 
leaves very finely cut and curled. 


Plain: Flat leaves used for flavoring. Hardy. 


Rooted (Hamburg): Grown for its roots, which 
are used for flavoring. 





Moss Curled parsley 





PARSNIP 





Parsnips require the whole season to ma- 
ture and should therefore be sown early, 
m rows 18-24” apart. The soil must be 
well worked; lumps, stones or new manure 
will lead to forked and wregular roots. A 
few radishes are frequently sown at the 


same time to mark the row. Thin out 
3-4" apart. Frost improves the roots. 


Hollow Crown: The most popular variety. Broad 
shouldered with pronounced crown and long, 
tapering roots; fine grained, tender. 


All-American: Of medium length with wide 
shoulder; flesh white; core small. 


18 





PEAS 


Peas are cool weather plants and should be sown just as soon as the ground can be 
worked. The early, small, smooth-seeded varieties should be planted fwst; the large, 
wrinkled-seeded sorts, which are sweeter and of better quality, are not so hardy and 
should be sown when the ground is a little warmer. Prepare a good seed bed, properly 
enriched. Allow 1-2 lb. per 100 ft. of double row; 4-5 bushels per acre. Plant 1” 
deep in 8” double rows, 2 ft. apart for the dwarf sorts, 3 ft. for the tall. Cultivate 
regularly and provide the tall sorts with brushwood or other supports. Commercial 
growers have found it highly profitable to run a strip of fertilizer alongside the rows 
about 3” away from the growing plants. 


The letters w.r. indicate that the Asgrow strain of the variety so marked is resistant to wilt. 
Continual work on the Asgrow breeding station and the careful supervision of growing seed crops 
in the high, clean, mountain districts of the West insure a uniform standard of high quality. 
Particular attention is given not only to freedom from disease infection but also to purity of 
strain, uniformity and yield. 


Smooth-Seeded Wrinkled-Seeded 


One of 


Alaska, w.r.: 57 days. Very early, hardy and 
productive. Light green pods 3” long with 6-8 
bluish green peas. The Asgrow pure-lined strain 
is well known for good pod size and yield. 


Laxton’s Superb: 61 days. The earliest large- 
podded dwarf sort. Pods 414” long, 9-10 peas. 


Pedigree Extra Early (First and Best), w.r.: 58 
days. Asgrow originated. Through the South the 
favorite for early cropping. Plump, short, light 
green pods, 6-7 peas. 


White Marrowfat, w.r.: SO days. Plants about 
5 ft. tall, vigorous and heavy yielding. 





Glacier: excellent fresh 
or from the home freezer 


Alderman (Telephone), w.r.: 74 days. 
the most popular varieties with market growers 
and shippers. Vines tall and vigorous, very 
prolific. Large, handsome, straight, plump, dark 
green pods. The Asgrow strain represents the 
standard of high quality in peas. 


Cody, w.r.: 57 days. A first early market and 
freezing variety recently developed by Asgrow. 
Of Gradus type but earlier. Pods dark green, 
broad, plump, with 7-9 large oblong tender 
peas. 


Dwarf Telephone (Daisy), w,r.: 76 days. A little 
later and with slightly smaller pods than Alder- 
man. Vines light green, stocky and branching. 
Pods medium light green with 8-10 peas. 


Glacier, w.r.: 61 days. Simiiar to our Dark 
Podded Thomas Laxton, but resistant to Fu- 
sarium wilt. 


Gradus: 60 days. A standard variety of World’s 
Record type, but a few days later. 


Hundredfold: 63 days. An attractive early 
large podded sort. Very deep green pods, 414” 
long, pointed, with about 8 large peas. 


Laxton’s Progress: 62 days. Largest podded 
and most attractive of the Laxtonian group. 
Though not planted so early as smooth-seeded 
varieties, it matures quickly and is widely used 
for the early local markets and shipping. Hand- 
some dark green pods, 414” long with 7-9 peas. 


Little Marvel: 64 days. An old favorite with 
3” blunt pods, 7-8 tender peas. 


Number 40, w.r.: 74 days. Bred specially for 
shippers and market gardeners. Pods of excep- 
tional size and quality; round, plump and dark 
green; 5”-6” long with 8-10 large succulent peas. 


Wrinkled-Seeded (continued) 


Premium Gem, w.r.: 64 days. A good early sort. 
Dwarf vines with straight pods containing 6-7 
peas of good quality. 


Rondo: 72 days. A dwarf variety for market 
garden, shipping and freezing developed at our 
pea-breeding station. Plants dark green and 
heavy-yielding. Pods largely double, similar to 
Alderman, well filled with excellent quality peas. 


Shasta, w.r.: 67 days. A very attractive variety 
recently developed by us. Plant medium green, 
sturdy; pods similar to Thomas Laxton, borne 
mainly in pairs. Peas of excellent quality, for 
fresh use or freezing. 





Rondo: a late variety 
with handsome, large pods 





19 


Teton, w.r.: 65 days. All-America Silver Medal 
1937. An attractive introduction resembling 
our strain of Thomas Laxton. Large, attractive 
pods, concentrated in season and well filled 
with 7-8 large peas. 


Thomas Laxton, Dark-Podded: 62 days. An ex- 
cellent medium-early sort; 314”, blunt, broad 
pods with 7-8 large, tender peas. Vines of 
medium height. The Asgrow strain excels in 
appearance, being a rich full green, darker than 
the usual strains of this well-known variety. 


World’s Record: 57 days. The Asgrow strain 
is noted for earliness and large pods each with 
7-8 peas of fine quality. A favorite variety for 
the first markets; very uniform in maturing. 
Pods medium green, pointed, broad, plump. 


Edible-Podded 


Known also as sugar or salad peas. The 
large, broad, fleshy pods are picked when 
young and used in the same ways as 
snap beans. 


Dwarf Grey Sugar, w.r.: 65 days. Earlier than 
the Mammoth but not so fine. 


Mammoth Melting Sugar, w.r.: 74 days. The best 
of the edible podded sorts for home and market 
gardens. Broad, brittle pods, 414” long, string- 
less and fiberless. 


For Southern Growers 


May be used not only as table peas but 
also as edible-podded sorts when young, 
and as dried peas for winter. 


Brown Crowder: 80 days. Long pods, crowded 
with 12 to 20 buff-brown, well-flavored peas. 
One of the earliest and most prolific varieties, 
excellent also as a forage crop and soil improver. 





Asgrow Pea Breeding Station, Hamilton, Montana 


20 





PEPPER 


Peppers are usually started indoors or in a protected seed bed. Transplant when 4” 

high to rows 22 ft. apart with 2-21 ft. between plants. Cultivate regularly to keep 

down weeds, drawing the soil up around the stems, and hoe m a light dressing of 
pulverized manure or fertilizer when the plants are 7-8" high. 


California Wonder: 75 days. Fruits 4144” x 4”; 
3-4 lobed, smooth, uniform and dark glossy 
green at eating stage, with very thick, mild flesh. 
Popular because its flat shoulders allow it to 
be stood up on end for stuffing. An excellent 


shipper. 


Early Calwonder: 69 days. An Asgrow strain 
of California Wonder bred to make this popular 
variety available in shorter season areas. 


Harris’ Early Giant: 63 days. Early and produc- 
tive; like Bell but larger and longer. 


Hungarian Yellow Wax: 65 days. Large early 
hot sort, 6” x 114”, tapering. 


Long Red Cayenne: 70 days. A long, thin, hot 
variety, used for canning, pickling or drying. 





Early 
Calwonder 


California 


W onder 


World 
Beater 


Pimento (Perfection): 80 days. Heart-shaped; 
used for canning. Mild and sweet. 


Ruby King, Asgrow Strain: 68 days. All-America 
Bronze Medal, 1935. Fruits large, 5”-514” long 
and 3”-4” across shoulders, tapering, usually 
3-lobed. Resembles the old Ruby King but is 
in every respect superior. 


Tuscany: 66 days. Developed by us for the 
early market. Fruits 3- and 4-lobed, thick- 
fleshed, resembling World Beater but smooth; 
attractive in appearance. 


World Beater: 7() days. Popular in the South. 
Large upright, prolific plants; fruits 5” x 4” 
tapering slightly, usually 4-lobed with mild, 
sweet flesh. 





Harris’ Early 
Giant 





RADISH 


For well-shaped radishes the ground should be thoroughly pulverized and enriched 

with some well-rotted manure and fertilizer. Fresh manure must not be used. First 

sowings are made very early, as the radish is hardy, and successive sowings up to hot 

weather. To avoid pithiness the crop should be grown quickly and pulled promptly 
when mature. One of the easiest vegetables to grow. 


Cincinnati Market: 28 days. Tops small; roots - 


deep red, long, cylindrical with tapering end. 
Flesh white and mild. 


Crimson Giant: 28 days. A larger globe sort, 
114”-134”, firm and not hollow or pithy; of ex- 
cellent quality. 


Early Scarlet Globe: 23 days. Globular roots 
of bright red color, specially bred for attrac- 
tive bunching. 


French Breakfast: 25 days. Oblong shape, but 
broader at tip; scarlet color tipped with white. 


21 





Rice’s Early Scarlet Globe: 24 days. Pedigreed 
originator’s stock. Roots olive-shaped, scarlet, 
crisp and mild. 


Saxa: 22 days. Tops small, roots spherical, 
small, bright scarlet; flesh crisp and white. 


Sparkler (Early Scarlet Turnip White Tip): 26 
days. Very attractive and popular. Almost globe 
shaped; carmine-red with white tip and small 
tap root; crisp and tender flesh. 


White Icicle: 27 days. The Asgrow strain is of 
superior quality both in appearance and mildly 
pungent flavor, with short tops to allow forcing 
and close growing. Roots 514”, tapering, very 
white and brittle, growing partly above ground. 





White Icicle 





Early Scarlet Globe 


Winter Varieties 


Celestial (Chinese White Winter): 


60 days. 
Larger and milder than the following. 


Chinese Rose Winter (Scarlet China): 52 days. 
The popular winter sort. Cylindrical roots 4”-5” 
long x 2”; blunt, smooth, rose-red with firm, 
white, rather pungent flesh. 


Long Black Spanish: 58 days. Cylindrical, 
slightly tapered, 7”-10” x 2”-214”. Pungent. 


Round Black Spanish: 56 days. A fine keeper; 
3”.4” diameter, strong flavor. 





SPINACH 


A quick-growing, cool-weather crop, unable to withstand heat. Usually sown in early 
spring and as a succession crop im later summer, or m fall for early spring cutting 
where winters are not too severe. 


Bloomsdale Savoy, Long Standing: 42 days. 
Stands heat better and remains in cutting con- 
dition longer than other Bloomsdale types. 
Dark Green Bloomsdale: 40 days. A popular 
variety with Southern shippers. 


Giant Nobel (Giant Thick Leaf): 45 days. Strong, 
spreading, long-standing plants with very large, 
thick, medium green leaves. Tender and well 
flavored. 


Hollandia: 39 days. Prickly-seeded, large leaved; 
for winter crop in California. 


King of Denmark: 46 days. Large plants with 
broad, slightly crumpled, dark green leaves. 
Popular for spring planting, being slow to 
bolt. 


New Zealand Spinach: Not a true spinach but 
its small, pointed leaves when cooked have the 
appearance and flavor of spinach. Thrives in 
summer and forms new leaves after picking. 


Virginia Savoy (Blight Resistant): 39 days. For 
soils infested with mosaic blight. 


Viroflay: 40 days. A very large and vigorous 
variety with broad, thick, pointed leaves. 


eps 





a 


PUMPKIN 


Alagold: 100 days. A Southern variety. Fruits 
vary in shape from cylindrical to bell, with 
orange rind and deep yellow flesh. 


Connecticut Field: 118 days. Round 


fruit. 


orange 


Kentucky Field: 120 days. Thick, orange-yellow 
flesh, sweet and of the finest quality. 


Mammoth Chili (King of the Mammoths): 120 
days. The largest sort. 
Small Sugar (New England Pie): 108 days. 


Round; ends flattened; thick, sweet flesh. 


Striped Cushaw: 112 days. A handsome, crook- 
necked sort. Grown extensively in the South. 





SQUASH 


Summer or Bush Varieties 


Black Zucchini: 62 days. Long, smooth, dark 
green. Flesh greenish white. 


Bush Scallop (Patty-Pan): 52 days. Eaten young, 
the flesh is tender and well flavored. Our early 
green-tinted strain is popular. 
Cocozelle, Long: 65 days. Dark green with 
lighter stripes. Very prolific. 


straight, firm fleshed, and of fine cooking 


quality. 
50. days. 


Early Prolific Straightneck: A new 


productive strain of attractive lemon-yellow 
exterior color. 
Early Yellow Summer Crookneck: 52 days. 


Attractive yellow fruits, cream colored flesh. 


Zucchini: 50 days. Cylindrical and _ straight, 
medium green, mottled with light green. 


Winter or Vining Varieties 


Cozini: 48 days. Developed from Black Zuc- 
chint x Long Cocozelle. Fruits dark green, 
Blue Hubbard: 110 days. Large, round and 


pointed. Of fine flavor; a good keeper. 


Butternut: 90 days. A straight-necked Cushaw 
type. Fruit 8”-10” long with small seed cavity 
in the large end. Rind creamy yellow; flesh of 
excellent table quality. 





Marglobe 
Pritchard 


Rutgers 
Clark’s Early 





Garden State 
Scarlet Dawn 


Golden Hubbard: 100 days. Orange-red exterior, 
with deep orange flesh. 


Green Hubbard: 105 days. Standard winter 
sort. Fruits 12” x 9”, pointed at ends. 


Table Queen: 85 days. Fruits about 414” diam- 
eter, acorn-shaped but ribbed, dark green with 
yellowish orange flesh of pleasing flavor. 


—————E————— 


Longred 
Southland 


Jefferson 
Valiant 


Baltimore 
SIOUX 


23 


TOMATO 


Sow in hotbeds or indoor flats using fresh soil. Keep the young plants free of insects 

and about 6 weeks later when danger of frost 1s past transplant to reasonably rich 

soil, setting the plants 3-4 ft. apart. Various methods of staking and training the vines 
are in use and the grower should adopt the one best suited to his circumstances. 





Jefferson 


Beefsteak (Red Ponderosa): 9() days. The Asgrow 
strain is wilt-resistant. Very large, flat, scarlet 
fruits. 


Clark’s Special Early (Bonny Best: John Baer): 
72 days. Medium large fruits, globular, bright 
scarlet, smooth. Popular for shipping. 


Earliana: 66 days. A first early, bright red, 
thick-flat tomato of medium size. 


Garden State: 84 days. Partially resistant to 
Fusarium wilt and late blight; fruits flattened 
globe shape, thick-walled and mild flavored. 


Golden Queen: 84 days. The standard yellow 
variety. Fruits flattish globe and solid. 


Greater Baltimore: 82 days. Large, thick-flat, 
deep red, solid fruits. The Asgrow strain is 
earlier, more uniform, deeper and free from 
ridges and cracks. 


Gulf State Market: 80 days. For Southern ship- 
pers. Globular, purplish pink, and thick-skinned. 


Jefferson: 82 days. Our recent introduction for 
general use. Plant vigorous and prolific, resist- 
ant to Fusarium wilt. Fruits dark red, globe- 
shaped, relatively free from cracking. 


June Pink (Pink Earliana): 69 days. Very early; 
flattened globe, medium size. 


Longred: 75 days. Plant medium sized with 
many branches; leaves abundant. Fruits glob- 
ular, solid and well colored. 


Marglobe: 77 days. A popular variety for local 
or distant markets. Strong plants with heavy 
foliage; fruits medium large, nearly globular, 
smooth, solid, thick-walled, and scarlet. 


Norton: 88 days. A wilt-resistant variety, simi- 
lar to Stone, with large, flattened globe, deep 
red fruits. 


Pearson: 85 days. A vigorous, self-topping type 
used in California for shipping and canning. 
Medium sized, scarlet, semi-globe fruits. 


Ponderosa: 90 days. Large spreading vines with 
very big, flat, pink fruits, apt to crack but solid, 
sub-acid and of excellent flavor. 


Pritchard (Scarlet Topper): 76 days. A popular 
wilt-resistant, self-topping or self-pruning va- 
riety. Fruits of good size and solid; globular. 


Rutgers: 86 days. An excellent main crop 
variety, now the most extensively planted and 
very widely adapted. Strong, prolific plants; 
large, bright red fruits of fine quality, near- 
globe shape, very attractive. 


San Marzano: 8() days. Fruits rectangular, 3” x 
114”, in clusters. The Asgrow strain is notably 
solid; deep red flesh with little juice. 


Scarlet Dawn: 70 days. All-America Gold 
Medal, 1935. Vines medium, fairly open and 
very prolific. Fruits globular, smooth, thick- 
walled, bright scarlet, ripening well to the 
stems. An exceptionally attractive early variety. 


Sioux: 70 days. Fruits globular, medium size, 
thick-walled and practically free from hard core. 


This variety possesses the uniform ripening 
factor. 
Southland: 85 days. Plant vigorous with high 


resistance to disease. Fruits slightly flattened 
globe, well colored and free from puff. Intro- 
duced in 1948. 


Stokesdale: 73 days. Fruits of near globe shape, 
smooth, of good size and fine red color. A pro- 
lific, widely adapted second early variety. 


Stone: 86 days. Large, thick-flat, deep, smooth, 
scarlet fruits of fine quality. 


Valiant: 70 days. Adapted to short-season areas 
and the early market. Fruits globe-shaped, 
bright scarlet. 


24 





TURNIP 


For summer greens or roots sow early in drills 12-15” apart for hand cultwation; 
24” apart for horse cultivation, and press the soil down firmly. Thin out when the 
plants have grown to about 1” high. Sow again in the summer for fall and winter use. 


Amber Globe: 75 days. A stock feed variety 
or for table when young. Root globe-shaped, 
yellow with green shoulder; flesh yellowish- 
white. 


Broccoli Rab (Italian Turnip): Grown for 
and tender flower shoots used as greens. 


tops 


Cow Horn: 70 days. Root white, 9”-10” long. 
A good variety for table or stock. 


Pomeranian White Globe: 75 days. Grown 
largely in the South. Root large, globe-shaped, 
slightly flattened, white, smooth and firm. 


Purple Top Milan: 45 days. Very early. Strap- 
leaved, with flat root of fine quality. 


Purple Top Strap Leaf: 45 days. Tops medium, 
upright, and compact. Root flat, purple-red 
above, white below; fine grained and tender. 


Purple Top White Globe: 55 days. For market 
garden, shipping or home. Large, dark green, 
cut-leaved tops. Root purple-red above, white 
below, with white, sweet, tender flesh. 


Seven Top: Grown for greens and forage. Root 
tough and inedible. 


Shogoin: Tops make excellent greens in 30 days; 
root is crisp and tender in 40 days. Root semi- 
globular, white inside and out. 


White Egg: 60 days. Medium, cut-leaved tops. 


White, egg-shaped roots 3” long. 


White Flat Dutch: 45 days. An early Asgrow 
strain of this white variety. 


Yellow Aberdeen, Purple Top: 80 days. A yel- 
low-fleshed sort, of fine flavor and excellent 
keeping quality for winter use. 





WATERMELON 


Watermelons are grown like cantaloupes but require more room. The best results are 
only to be expected from seed carefully selected by expert growers. 





Blacklee: 95 days. Vines vigorous, resistant to 
Fusarium wilt. Fruits somewhat thicker and 
shorter than Tom Watson. Flesh bright red, of 
fine quality. 


Cole’s Early: 75 days. Grown in the North- 
east. Medium sized, short, oval fruits; rind 
striped. 


Congo (new): 90 days. Resistant to anthracnose. 
Medium long. Rind tough, dark with darker 
markings. 


Dixie Queen: 85 days. More round than oval, 
30-40 Ib., light green with dark stripes. Crisp, 
sweet red flesh. A good shipper. 


Early Kansas: 8() days. [Early and_ prolific. 
Nearly round, light green. Flesh bright red. 


Florida Giant (Cannonball): 95 days. Dark 
green globular shape, very large, about 40 Ib. 
Deep red flesh. Now the most popular variety. 


Kleckley’s Sweet (Wondermelon): 85 days. The 
finest flavored long melon. Flesh deep red. Thin 
rind limits shipping. (Shown above.) 


Klondike, Dark Green No. 3: 8() days. A leading 
variety in California. Oblong; very sweet. 


Stone Mountain: 90 days. Widely known and 
deservedly popular. Very large round-oval and 
green, with scarlet flesh of exceptional quality. 


Tom Watson: 95 days. A famous shipping va- 
riety with tough, elastic rind. Dark green, long 
and large, 40-50 lb., deep red, firm flesh. 





The secret of a lovely lawn 


Nothing adds more to the appearance of a home than smooth, 
rich green turf around it. You can enjoy this luxury by re- 
membering that the grass plot is a garden in which you are 
growing many plants. If you were growing roses you would 
select your varieties with care and would give them proper soil, 
plant food and attention. With the same sort of treatment, 
grass will be similarly rewarding in its own way. Our part is 
to provide the proper kinds of grasses in well balanced pro- 
portions to suit the climate and soil of your area. We do this 
in the Asgrow lawn seed mixtures, of which Greenblade is the 
leader, and they are sold by local dealers. Our booklet For 
Lovely Lawns gives the necessary information on preparing a 
good seed bed and keeping the grass in healthy condition. 


ASSOCIATED SEED GROWERS, INC. 


ASGROW SEEDS 





Sold through local dealers, produced by 


Asan) ASSOCIATED SEED GROWERS, INC. Asarow) 


Breeders and growers of vegetable seeds since 1856 
Atlanta 2 © Cambridge, N.Y. ©@ Indianapolis 25 © Los Angeles 21 


Memphis 2 ® Milford, Conn. @ Oakland 4 @ Salinas @ San Antonio 6 


Main oiice: New Haven 2, Conn. 


«