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Full text of "DTIC ADA400309: OSHA: New Ways of Working"

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OSHA^s mission is to send 
every American worker home 
whole and healthy every day. 
To meet that challenge, we are 
focusing on three goals: 

• Improving workplace safety 
and health by reducing inju¬ 
ries, illnesses, and fatalities. 

• Changing workplace culture 
by increasing employer and 
employee commitment to 
improved safety and health. 

• Securing public confidence 
through excellence in develop¬ 
ing and delivering OSHA 

To achieve these goals, we ^ve 
adopted new ways of working. 
This approach helps us make 
the most of our resources to 
achieve the greatest results. 

Report Documentation Page 

Report Date 

Report Type 

Dates Covered (from... to) 




Title and Subtitle 

Contract Number 

OSHA: New Ways or Working 

Grant Number 

Program Element Number 


Project Number 

Task Number 

Work Unit Number 

Performing Organization Name(s) and Address(es) 

U.S. Dept of Labor Occupational Safety & Health 
Administration 200 Constitution Avenue Washington, 

DC 20210 

Performing Organization Report Number 

Sponsoring/Monitoring Agency Name(s) and 

Sponsor/Monitor’s Acronym(s) 


Sponsor/Monitor’s Report Number(s) 

Distribution/Availability Statement 

Approved for public release, distribution unlimited 

Supplementary Notes 

The original document contains color images. 


Subject Terms 

Report Classification 


Classification of this page 


Classification of Abstract 


Limitation of Abstract 


Number of Pages 


Establishing a safe and healthful work¬ 
ing environment requires every employer and 
every worker to make safety and health a top 
priority. The entire workforce—from the CEO 
to the most recent hire—must recognize that 
worker safety and health is central to the mis¬ 
sion and key to the profitability of the Ameri¬ 
can company. 

OSHA’s job is to provide the leadership 
and encouragement to workers and employ¬ 
ers to take that responsibility seriously. 
Our new ways of working include strong 
enforcement, creative partnerships, expan¬ 
ded outreach and training, and improved 


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A creaible enforcement program is a critical com¬ 
ponent of OSHA’s effort to send every worker home 
whole and healthy. We must be firm. We must be fair. 
And we must focus our efforts where we can do the 
most good. 

OSH A is tracking the injury and illness experi¬ 
ence of about 80,000 workplaces in high-hazard 
industries to identify trends, pinpoint problems, and 
target inspections. We’ve provided feedback to the sites 
with poor records and encouraged these employers to 
take steps to improve. Our best advice? Establish an 
effective safety and health program with assistance 
from private consultants, workers’ compensation 
insurers, or OSHA’s free state-based consultation 

Each year we will inspect several thousand em¬ 
ployers with the highest injury and illness rates—those 
that are double, triple, or quadruple the private sector 
average. Those inspections pay off. Not surprisingly, 
where injuries occur, hazards abound. This site- 
specific targeting produces four times as many cases 
involving significant violations and major penalties as 
our other inspections find. 

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Inspections alone will never produce safe and 
healthful working environments at our nation’s 6 mil¬ 
lion worksites. OSH A must establish cooperative re¬ 
lationships with employers and employees to foster 
voluntary compliance with standards and adoption of 
a systematic approach to workplace safety and health. 

OSHA’s premier partnership is the Voluntary Pro¬ 
tection Programs. VPP companies demonstrate excel¬ 
lence in safety and health and reap significant savings 
as a result of their efforts. Together, more than 550 
sites in 180 industries partner with OSHA in protect¬ 
ing their workforce and save $110 mi llion each year 
because they average 50 percent fewer injuries than 
their counterparts. 

Other partnerships are paying off too, such as our 
partnership with ConAgra Refrigerated Poods that 
fosters a safety culture and effective safety and health 
programs in every plant they own. We also have 
industry-specific partnerships with steel erectors in 
Colorado and the roofing industry in Ohio, Illinois, 
and Wisconsin. C.A.R.E., Construction Accident 
Reduction Emphasis, is a construction industry 
partnership designed to prevent fatalities in Plorida. 

Each of OSHA’s 66 area offices is developing one 
or more partnerships under OSHA’s Strategic Partner¬ 
ship Program. These partnerships focus on safety and 
health programs and include outreach and training com¬ 
ponents along with enforcement. 

Effective safety and health programs are crucial 
to preventing injuries, illnesses, and deaths in the work¬ 
place. The average company can reduce injuries from 
20 to 40 percent by establishing a safety and health 




These programs pay for themselves. Several stud¬ 
ies have estimated that safety and health programs save 
$4 to $6 for every dollar invested. Yet, only about 30 
percent of U.S. worksites have established them. Our 
goal is to work through partnerships, outreach, and 
rulemaking to ensure that every U.S. business has an 
appropriate, continuing safety and health program to 
prevent accidents and protect its employees. 

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Most employers want to do tne right thing. But 
they may need help in identifying hazards or finding 
solutions that fit their workplaces. OSHA is commit¬ 
ted to expanding outreach and training to provide as 
much information and assistance as possible. This is a 
good investment that will pay measurable dividends 
for employers and workers alike. 

OSHA offers safety and health training and 
assistance through its Training Institute, its 18 educa¬ 
tion centers, and free onsite consultation program 
for small employers. The 25 states or territories with 
their own OSHA-approved safety and health programs 
also provide related information and outreach to their 

OSHA offers a broad array of self-help materials 
to employers and employees through its website at Hazard-based brochures, OSHA rules, 
proposed standards, and links to other helpful sites are 
all available. In addition, OSHA is producing a series 
of free interactive “ expert advisors” software to help 
employers identify typical hazards in their industry or 
provide tailored information to enable them to comply 
with specific OSHA rules. These computer programs 
and other outreach information can be found on 
OSHA’s Internet site. 

Ergonomics programs are the most 
effective way to reduce the one-third of 
all serious injuries in the U.S.—more than 
600,000 annually—that result from 
overexertion or repetitive motion. These 
painful, potentially disabling injuries cost 
employers from $15 billion to $20 billion 
each year in workers’ compensation costs 
alone. Add indirect costs, and the yearly 
total mounts as high as $60 billion. An 
extensive review of the scientific literature 
by the National Academy of Sciences in 
1998 found that ergonomics programs are 
effective in reducing work-related muscu¬ 
loskeletal disorders. OSHA’s standard 
will zero in on jobs where the risk of injury is high- 
production jobs in manufacturing and jobs that involve 
manual lifting. 

OSHA’s new ways of working leverage our 
resources and multiply our impact. These strategies— 
strong enforcement, creative partnership, expanded 
outreach and training, and improved rulemaking— 
will bring us closer to our goal of providing a safe 
workplace for every working American. 

Improving work environments for all our citi¬ 
zens is not a short-term mission. It’s a long-term 
proposition. And it requires daily diligence and 
ongoing commitment in the face of competing 
priorities for time, energy, and resources. 

OSHA will move forward step by step. And we 
will not stop until every worker goes home whole and 
healthy every day. 

effort to find out what rules apply. 

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The fourth aspect of OSlEA^s strategy to reduce 
injuries, illnesses, and fatalities is improved rulemaking. 
We need rules that protect workers from today’s haz¬ 
ards and tomorrow’s threats. We need standards backed 
by the best science available. And we need rules 
written simply enough for everyone to understand 
and follow. 

OSHA’s two top priorities for new standards are 
a requirement for employers to adopt safety and health 
programs and one for ergonomics programs. Safety 
and health programs form the foundation for system¬ 
atically addressing hazards in the workplace and fo¬ 
cusing attention on worker safety and health. Without 
a safety and health program, a company’s approach to 
protecting workers on the job is reduced to a haphaz¬ 
ard, hit-or-miss intention to follow the rules, with little 

05 HA Re Ho n-O-l 


Region I 

(CT,* MA, ME, NH, RI, VT*) 
JFK Federal Building 
Room E-340 
Boston, MA 02203 
Telephone: (617) 565-9860 

Region II 

(NJ, NY,* PR,* VI*) 

201 Varick Street 
Room 670 

New York, NY 10014 
Telephone: (212) 337-2378 

Region III 

(DC, DE, MD,* PA, VA,* WV) 
Gateway Building, Suite 2100 
3535 Market Street 
Philadelphia, PA 19104 
Telephone: (215) 596-1201 

Region IV 

(AL, FL, GA, KY,* MS, NC,* 
SC,* TN*) 

Atlanta Federal Center 
61 Forsyth Street, SW 
Room 6T50 
Atlanta, GA 30303 
Telephone: (404) 562-2300 

Region V 

(IF, IN,* MI,* MN,* OH, WI) 
230 South Dearborn Street 
Room 3244 
Chicago, IF 60604 
Telephone: (312) 353-2220 

Region VI 

(AR, LA, NM,* OK, TX) 

525 Griffin Street 
Room 602 
Dallas, TX 75202 
Telephone: (214) 767-4731 

Region VII 
(lA,* KS, MO, NE) 

City Center Square 
1100 Main Street, Suite 800 
Kansas City, MO 64105 
Telephone: (816) 426-5861 

Region VIII 

(CO, MT, ND, SD, UT,* WY*) 
1999 Broadway, Suite 1690 
Denver, CO 80202-5716 
Telephone: (303) 844-1600 

Region IX 

(American Samoa, AZ,* 

CA,* Guam, HI,* NV,* Trust 
Territories of the Pacific) 

71 Stevenson Street 
Room 420 

San Francisco, CA 94105 
Telephone: (415) 975-4310 

Region X 

(AK,* ID, OR,* WA*) 

1111 Third Avenue 
Suite 715 

Seattle, WA 98101-3212 
Telephone: (206) 553-5930 

*These states and territories operate their own OSHA- 
approved job safety and health programs (Connecticut 
and New York plans cover public employees only). 
States with approved programs must have a standard 
that is identical to, or at least as effective as, the 
federal standard.